Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Shungite against Ultraviolet B Irradiation-Induced Skin Damage in Hairless Mice
Mineral-rich and mineral-less shungite-treated groups improved physiological skin parameters. Shown are the effects of mineral-rich shungite (MRS) and mineral-less shungite (MLS) on the mouse skin moisture (a), elasticity (b), roughness (c), pore size (d), pigmentation (e), and wrinkle (f). Control groups include non-UVB-irradiated group (NC), UVB-irradiated only group (UV), UVB + fullerene C60-treated positive control group (PC), and UVB + olive oil-treated group (OIL), while experimental groups include UVB + mineral-rich shungite-treated group (MRS) and mineral-less shungite-treated group (MLS). Statistical analysis was carried out using analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by subsequent multiple comparison test (Tukey’s multiple comparisons test) using GraphPad Prism version 5.0. Values are mean ± SD, . Differences were considered significant at , , , and .
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