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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 8524353, 14 pages
Research Article

Mechanism of Mechanical Trauma-Induced Extracellular Matrix Remodeling of Fibroblasts in Association with Nrf2/ARE Signaling Suppression Mediating TGF-β1/Smad3 Signaling Inhibition

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Li Hong

Received 4 May 2017; Revised 29 July 2017; Accepted 9 August 2017; Published 3 October 2017

Academic Editor: Nageswara Madamanchi

Copyright © 2017 Jianming Tang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a common hygienic problem affecting the quality of women’s life worldwide. In this research, we revealed the involvement and regulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling, oxidative damage, and TGF-β1 signaling in the pathological mechanisms of mechanical trauma-induced SUI. We found that excessive mechanical strain significantly increased apoptosis rate, decreased cell viability and ECM production, and broke the balance of MMPs/TIMPs compared with the nonstrain control (NC) group. The expression levels of TGFβ1, p-Smad3, Nrf2, GPx1, and CAT were downregulated, the production of ROS, 8-OHdG, 4-HNE, and MDA was increased, and the nuclear translocation of Smad2/3 was suppressed after 5333 μstrain’s treatment. Both mTGF-β1 pretreatment and Nrf2 overexpression could reverse mechanical injury-induced TGFβ1/Smad3 signaling inhibition and ECM remodeling, whereas mTGF-β1 had no effect on Nrf2 expression. Nrf2 overexpression significantly alleviated mechanical injury-induced ROS accumulation and oxidative damage; in contrast, Nrf2 silencing exhibited opposite effects. Besides, vaginal distention- (VD-) induced in vivo SUI model was used to confirm the in vitro results; Nrf2 knockout aggravates mechanical trauma-induced LPP reduction, ECM remodeling, oxidative damage, and TGF-β1/Smad3 suppression in mice. Therefore, we deduce that mechanical injury-induced ECM remodeling might be associated with Nrf2/ARE signaling suppression mediating TGF-β1/Smad3 signaling inhibition. This might reflect a new molecular target for SUI researches.