Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2017 / Article / Tab 6

Research Article

Impact of Hot Environment on Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalance, Renal Damage, Hemolysis, and Immune Activation Postmarathon

Table 6

Immunological parameters after the marathon race in the temperate and hot environments.

Reference valueBeforeImmediately after1 day after3 days after

Leukocytes (mil/mm3)4.5–11
 HE6.1 ± 0.414.4 ± 0.67.6 ± 0.4#5.8 ± 0.2
 TE6.0 ± 0.215.3 ± 0.67.1 ± 0.35.4 ± 0.2
Lymphocytes (mil/mm3)1–3.8
 HE1.8 ± 0.11.1 ± 0.1#2 ± 0.1#1.7 ± 0.1
 TE2 ± 0.11.3 ± 0.11.8 ± 0.11.7 ± 0.1
Neutrophils (mil/mm3)1.8–7.7
 HE3.6 ± 0.312.4 ± 0.54.9 ± 0.33.4 ± 0.2
 TE3.4 ± 0.213.2 ± 0.64.6 ± 0.23.1 ± 0.1
Monocytes (mil/mm3)0–0.8
 HE0.41 ± 0.030.60 ± 0.040.49 ± 0.030.39 ± 0.02
 TE0.37 ± 0.020.71 ± 0.070.47 ± 0.030.36 ± 0.02
Eosinophils (mil/mm3)0–0.45
 HE0.16 ± 0.02#0.19 ± 0.02##0.15 ± 0.030.16 ± 0.02
 TE0.23 ± 0.040.02 ± 0.010.17 ± 0.030.18 ± 0.03

The values are presented as mean ± standard error of mean (SEM) of 26 runners. HE: hot environment; TE: temperate environment. versus before the race; versus before the race; ; and versus temperate environment.

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