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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2018, Article ID 2731289, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/2731289
Research Article

Phenolic Plant Extracts Induce Sirt1 Activity and Increase Antioxidant Levels in the Rabbit’s Heart and Liver

1Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy
2Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy
3Department of Agricultural, Environmental and Food Sciences, University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy
4Department Translational Medical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy

Correspondence should be addressed to G. Corbi; ti.lominu@ibroc.airamaizarg and K. Komici; ti.lominu@icimok.aralk

Received 9 February 2018; Revised 4 May 2018; Accepted 6 June 2018; Published 4 July 2018

Academic Editor: Ilaria Peluso

Copyright © 2018 G. Corbi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Several dietary phytochemicals potentially regulate the equilibrium between oxidant and antioxidant species. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Lippia citriodora, Raphanus sativus, and Solanum lycopersicum on blood parameters, oxidative/antioxidant status, and SIRT1 activity in the rabbit’s heart and liver. Methods. Twenty rabbits were divided into 4 groups of 5 animals each. The control group (CN) received a feed without any additives. One intervention group received a supplement containing verbascoside (VB), another Raphanus sativus extract (RAP), and lastly lycopene (LYC). Oxidant-antioxidant parameters and SIRT1 activity were measured in plasma and in the heart and liver, respectively. Results. The treatment with VB, RAP, and LYC resulted in a marked improvement in the blood lipid and glycaemic profile in respect to CN. VB was the most effective, but all three plant extracts induced a significant reduction in oxidant parameters as well as an increase in antioxidant tissue activity and vitamin A and E levels. SIRT1 activity was significantly increased in both VB and LYC compared to CN, but the increased levels in the VB group were far the highest. The multivariate analysis suggests that the benefits of VB, particularly the antiglycaemic and antioxidant effects, might be mediated by increasing SIRT1 activity.