Table 2: The effect of various doses of PMG on metabolic parameters.

ParametersND+vehicleHCHF+vehicleHCHF+VitaminCHCHF+SimvastatinHCHF+PMG50HCHF+PMG100HCHF+PMG200

Body weight gain (%)a
Cholesterol (mg/dl)aa
Triglyceride (mg/dl)aaa
LDL-C (mg/dl)aaa
HDL-C (mg/dl)aa
Atherogenic indexaaa
Plasma glucose AUC (mg h/dl)aa
HOMA-IRaaa
ACE (units/mg protein)aaaaa,

Data are presented as (/group). a, aa, aaa value < 0.05, 0.01, and 0.001, respectively, compared to naïve control which received ND and vehicle and value < 0.05, 0.01, and 0.001, respectively, compared to metabolic syndrome rats which received HCHF and vehicle. ND: normal diet; HCHF: high-carbohydrate high-fat diet; VitaminC: vitamin C at a dose of 250 mg·kg-1 BW; Simvastatin: simvastatin at a dose of 1.3 mg·kg-1 BW; PMG50, PMG100, and PMG200: the phytosome containing the combined extracts of mulberry and ginger at a dose of 50, 100, and 200 mg·kg-1 BW, respectively.