Table 3: The effect of various doses of PMG on adipose tissue alterations.

ParametersND+vehicleHCHF+vehicleHCHF+VitaminCHCHF+SimvastatinHCHF+PMG50HCHF+PMG100HCHF+PMG200

Size of adipocyte (μm)Visceral areaaaa
Subcutaneous areaaaa

Density of adipocyte (adipocytes/225 μm2)Visceral areaaaa
Subcutaneous areaaaa

Adiposity index (AI) (%)Visceral areaaaa
Subcutaneous area

Weights of white adipose tissues (g/kg BW)aaa
Subcutaneous areaaa

Data are presented as (/group). aa, aaa value < 0.01 and 0.001, respectively, compared to naïve control which received ND and vehicle and value < 0.05, 0.01 and 0.001, respectively, compared to metabolic syndrome rats which received HCHF and vehicle. ND; normal diet; HCHF: high-carbohydrate high-fat diet; VitaminC: vitamin C at a dose of 250 mg·kg-1 BW; Simvastatin: simvastatin at a dose of 1.3 mg·kg-1 BW; PMG50, PMG100, and PMG200: the phytosome containing the combined extracts of mulberry and ginger at a dose of 50, 100, and 200 mg·kg-1 BW, respectively.