Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2019 / Article / Fig 3

Research Article

Euphorbia bicolor (Euphorbiaceae) Latex Extract Reduces Inflammatory Cytokines and Oxidative Stress in a Rat Model of Orofacial Pain

Figure 3

E. bicolor latex extract reduces plasma AOPP levels in both male and female rats. CFA inflammation (closed bars) increased AOPP levels in male (a) and female (b) rats as compared to saline treatment (diagonal bars). compared to vehicle by the Student -test analysis. Plasma AOPP levels decreased in males (c) at 6 and 24 hours and in females (d) at 1 and 72 hours post E. bicolor latex extract injection (closed bars) as compared to vehicle treatment (open bars). Dotted lines indicate the plasma AOPP level in noninflamed rats. compared to vehicle by two-way ANOVA with Bonferroni post hoc analysis.
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