Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2019 / Article / Fig 6

Research Article

Euphorbia bicolor (Euphorbiaceae) Latex Extract Reduces Inflammatory Cytokines and Oxidative Stress in a Rat Model of Orofacial Pain

Figure 6

E. bicolor latex extract modulated cytokines/chemokines in the trigeminal ganglia of male rats. Representative cytokine/chemokine membranes and the respective mean pixel density of detected cytokine or chemokine from the array from extract- (closed bars) and vehicle-treated (open bars) male rats at 1 hour (a), 6 hours (b), and 24 hours posttreatment (c). Columns A–D illustrate cytokine or chemokine expression levels by row (see Table 1). compared to vehicle by two-way ANOVA with Bonferroni post hoc analysis.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at help@hindawi.com to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.