Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2020 / Article / Fig 2

Research Article

In Vitro Studies on the Immunomodulatory Effects of Pulicaria crispa Extract on Human THP-1 Monocytes

Figure 2

qRT-PCR analysis for the expression of (a) CCL2, (b) CCL5, and (c) TNF-α. The mRNA expression levels were normalized with GAPDH. Control cells were compared with LPS-treated cells. All other cells with different treatments were compared with LPS-treated cells. The data were expressed as done in triplicate for three independent experiments. Statistical significance was established using the test. <0.05; <0.01; <0.001.

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