Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Identifying Plant-Based Natural Medicine against Oxidative Stress and Neurodegenerative Disorders

Table 1

Commonly used plants against neurodegenerative disorders.

Plant nameParts usedActive compoundActionReferences

Ginkgo biloba LLeavesQuercetin, kaempferol, and isorhamnetinImproves cerebral blood flow[50]
Panax ginseng C.A. MeyerArial parts and rootAglycones, protopanaxadiol, and propanaxatriolPromotes neuron survival, increasing the levels of neurotrophic factors[51]
Scutellaria baicalensis GeorgiArial parts and rootBaicalein, baicalin, and wogoninProtect neurons from oxidative damage[52]
Curcuma longa LRhizomeCurcuminInhibition of cytokine production and microglia activation[53]
Vitis vinifera L.Fruits and seedsResveratrol, quercetin, and catechinNeuroprotective effects[54]
Salvia officinalis L.Leaves and flowers1,8-Cineole, camphor, borneol, caryophyllene, and linaloolAnticholinesterase activity[55]
Coffea spp.SeedsCaffeineActs on adenosine receptors[56]
Camellia sinensis KuntzeLeavesEpigallocatechin, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, myricetin, quercetin, kaempherol, epicatechinAntioxidants, protects from oxidative stress, reduces amyloid proteins[57]
Bacopa monniera (L.) PennelWhole plantHerpestine, d-mannitol, hersaponin, and monnierinEnhancing neuronal synthesis, kinase activity, restoration of synaptic activity, and nerve impulse transmission[58]
Centella asiatica (L.) urbanLeavesAsiaticoside, brahmoside, brahminoside, asiatic acid, madecassic acid, brahmic acid, isobrahmic acid, and betulic acidAntioxidant action, acetylcholine esterase inhibitor activity[59]
Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora PennellRootsGlycosides, terpenoids, phenylethanoid, glycosides, and phenolic glycosidesNeuritogenic activity[58]

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