Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity

Drug-Metabolizing Enzymes and Metabolic Diseases: Role of Antioxidants


Status
Published

1Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

2University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, USA


Drug-Metabolizing Enzymes and Metabolic Diseases: Role of Antioxidants

Description

Drug-metabolizing enzymes include many cytochrome P450 isozymes and others. The hepatic cytochromes P450s (CYP) are a multigene family of enzymes that metabolize many drugs and carcinogens. For example, CYP 1A1, CYP 1A2, CYP 3A, and 2E1 are particularly active towards polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), bladder carcinogens, the naturally occurring carcinogens (e.g., aflatoxin B1), and N-nitrosamines, respectively, and activate them into reactive intermediates that covalently bind to DNA, a key event in the initiation of carcinogenesis. The carcinogenic potency of carcinogens is correlated with the induction of cytochrome P450 isozymes. Recent studies have demonstrated that glutathione and glutathione S-transferase reduced the covalent binding of epoxides of well-known chemical carcinogens with DNA and other macromolecules, effectively decreasing carcinogenesis caused by these compounds.

Recently, nataural and synthetic antioxidants were found to reduce the incidence of tumors since the decrease in antioxidant levels is correlated with the severity of malignancy of tumors. In addition, the formations of considerable amounts of oxidative stress products including free radicals are responsible for induction of many diseases including cancers, diabetes, and infertility. Therefore, this special issue will open the field for researchers to investigate the possible protective role of antioxidants against the carcinogenic effects of carcinogens.

We invite investigators to contribute original research articles as well as review articles that will stimulate the continuing efforts to understand the role of antioxidants in protection against carcinogens as well as other toxic compounds.

Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Drug-metabolizing enzymes and toxicity of foreign compounds
  • Role of antioxidants in the alleviation of toxicity of foreign compounds
  • Diseases (e.g., diabetes, cancer, and infertility) associated with oxidative stress and free radicals
  • Role of antioxidant enzymes in the alleviation of oxidative stress caused by different metabolic diseases and/or toxic compounds
  • Role of glutathione and glutathione-metabolizing enzymes in drug conjugation and detoxification
  • Molecular mechanisms of cancer induction
  • Molecular mechanisms of cell apoptosis and transducers, for example, mTOR, under the influence of new compounds that can be used as anticancer drugs

Articles

  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 2026582
  • - Editorial

Drug-Metabolizing Enzymes and Metabolic Diseases: Role of Antioxidants

Salah A. Sheweita | Mahmoud Balbaa | Samy L. Habib
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 4970906
  • - Research Article

Erectile Dysfunction Drugs Changed the Protein Expressions and Activities of Drug-Metabolising Enzymes in the Liver of Male Rats

Salah A. Sheweita | Mona Wally | Mostafa Hassan
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 3912515
  • - Research Article

Inhibition of Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Could Enhance 1,4-Benzoquinone-Induced Oxidative Damage in K562 Cells

Juan Zhang | Meng Cao | ... | Yuepu Pu
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 1527873
  • - Research Article

Effect of Cross-Sex Hormonal Replacement on Antioxidant Enzymes in Rat Retroperitoneal Fat Adipocytes

Israel Pérez-Torres | Verónica Guarner-Lans | ... | Natalia Pavón
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 2394130
  • - Research Article

Short-Term Effects of Chlorpromazine on Oxidative Stress in Erythrocyte Functionality: Activation of Metabolism and Membrane Perturbation

Silvana Ficarra | Annamaria Russo | ... | Ester Tellone
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 2492107
  • - Research Article

Nigella sativa Relieves the Altered Insulin Receptor Signaling in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats Fed with a High-Fat Diet

Mahmoud Balbaa | Marwa El-Zeftawy | ... | Abdel Wahab Mandour
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 8173876
  • - Research Article

Euterpe edulis Extract but Not Oil Enhances Antioxidant Defenses and Protects against Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Induced by a High-Fat Diet in Rats

Rodrigo Barros Freitas | Rômulo Dias Novaes | ... | João Paulo Viana Leite
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
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Acceptance rate48%
Submission to final decision56 days
Acceptance to publication37 days
CiteScore7.300
Impact Factor5.076
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