Article of the Year 2021
Leisure and Productivity in Older Adults with Cancer: A Systematic ReviewRead the full article
Occupational Therapy International publishes research reflecting the practice of occupational therapy throughout the world. Topics include reliability and validity of clinical instruments, assistive technology, and community rehabilitation.
Chief Editor, Dr Mackenzie worked in orthopaedics, general medicine and managed the Hunter Equipment Service and PADP services before being appointed as the first occupational therapist employed by community health services in Newcastle.
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Correlation Analysis between Residents’ Income Satisfaction and Mental Health Based on Big Data
This paper presents an in-depth study and analysis of the correlation between satisfaction with rural residents’ income and mental health well-being in the context of industrial structure upgrading. Most of the studies on residents’ subjective well-being from the perspective of relative income or income inequality have started from the happiness of rural residents and the satisfaction of rural residents’ life, and few scholars have focused on the psychological health of rural residents. Subjective well-being is significantly related to external and internal goals in desire. Life satisfaction is significantly and positively correlated with external and internal goals, as well as the six dimensions of desire, except for social identity; positive emotions are significantly and positively correlated with internal goals; negative emotions are only negatively correlated with self-acceptance, and there is a significant positive correlation between income level and desire. In vertical income, there is also a process of judging whether the expected income is achieved. If the expected income growth level is achieved, the income satisfaction will increase. Desire mediates the effect of income level on subjective well-being. Income level influences subjective well-being through internal goals; income level influences life satisfaction and positive emotions through external goals. The relationship between income inequality and mental health is influenced by the characteristics of the population, with women and middle-aged people being the most negatively affected. This relationship is also influenced by income level, with the effect of income inequality on mental health showing a negative effect in the lower and middle-income groups but a positive effect in the higher income groups. Income inequality affects residents’ mental health through the mediating effects of a sense of social justice, life stress, and trust in government. Inequality in household wealth can exacerbate the negative effects of income inequality on mental health.
Research on Children’s Cognitive Education Based on Pathological Linguistics
The value of pathological linguistics in children’s cognitive development has attracted more and more experts’ attention. Based on pathological linguistics, this paper establishes an intervention system for children’s cognition-language assessment and cognitive education, guided by a set of fixed procedures, which can quickly collect children’s speech data in a short period of time. Based on this evaluation paradigm, the lab collected a large number of speech data of children aged 2-14 in the process of verbal communication. Based on the six linguistic dimensions of phonology, productivity, fluency, grammar, semantics, and logic, the corpus was subdivided into 16 indicators for manual annotation and machine recognition. A cognitive-language assessment database is established for language ability assessment and language barrier screening, and on this basis, the children’s language assessment and cognitive education intervention system is completed based on six modules: user, assessment, scale, resources, teaching, and data. Through experimental research, this paper proves that there are differences in the contribution rates of six language dimensions to the screening of children’s language disorders, and the top three are fluency (29.6%), pronunciation (25.7%), and productivity (19.3%). By analyzing the contribution rates, the development of children’s comprehensive speech ability can be evaluated more accurately. The early intervention education of children’s cognition has a great relationship with their comprehensive language ability. The intervention education before the age of 3 is beneficial to the language development of children with disabilities. Children’s cognitive education has improved in cognitive performance, cognitive generalization level, emotional cognition, and language expression, indicating that the use of cognitive education system has a good effect, improving the level of children’s cognitive education.
Psychological Characteristics and Health Behavior for Juvenile Delinquency Groups
The related literature is studied to explore the psychological characteristics of juvenile delinquency groups and implement their psychological characteristics model for the intervention of health behavior. Drawing on the results of current literature research, the Youth Psychological Characteristics Crime Prevention Questionnaire (YPPQ) was compiled, which can be simply referred to as the Crime Prevention Questionnaire. The whole psychological characteristics of juvenile delinquency are analyzed by means of a questionnaire. Firstly, the YPPQ scores of different groups were compared, and a structured interview was conducted on the reasons for the crime of the problem youth group. Secondly, data analysis was carried out on the results of questionnaires and interviews, and the psychological characteristics of juvenile delinquency were summarized. A “mixed hierarchical intervention model” was proposed to intervene in the mental health behavior of juvenile delinquency groups, and corresponding intervention strategies were also proposed. The results reveal that through the questionnaire survey, the educational background of juvenile subjects was generally distributed in middle school, the number of juveniles with primary school education was less than 30% of the juvenile delinquency groups, the middle school education accounted for more than 60% of the juvenile delinquency groups, and the approximate age was about 18 years old. The largest number in each group were adolescents with secondary school education, indicating the importance of psychological education on crime prevention for adolescents in secondary school. By comparing the YPPQ test scores of different groups, the adolescent group has higher test scores than the juvenile delinquency groups in five of the dimensions. Through the comparative analysis of the YPPQ test results of the juvenile delinquency groups, the problem youth group, and the normal youth group, it is found that the YPPQ has high reliability and validity, so its detection and evaluation are highly feasible. By comparing the odds ratio (OR) of each question in the YPPQ test between the experimental group and the control group, it is found that the psychological characteristics of the experimental group are significantly affected by family, school, and even society. Finally, it proposes a “mixed hierarchical intervention model” for juvenile delinquency to intervene in health behaviors. The purpose is to provide some research ideas for the study of the psychological characteristics of juvenile delinquency groups and to put forward some suggestions for the prevention of juvenile delinquency and the intervention of health behavior.
Occupational Therapy Practice Based on New-Generation Information Technology for Employee Emotion Analysis and Management
This work intends to combine neural network technology with occupational therapy to fully acquire employees’ emotional information by constructing an effective emotion recognition network. Firstly, the psychological state of employees is discussed from three aspects of leadership narcissism, organizational identification, and the emotional contagion effect, and the corresponding model is implemented. Secondly, based on the convolutional neural network technology, the facial feature recognition and the body feature recognition are combined, and the employees’ emotions can be accurately identified by establishing a multilearning emotion recognition network. Finally, a questionnaire survey is carried out on the employees of enterprises in the coastal areas of Zhejiang. Descriptive statistical analysis, reliability and validity analysis, correlation analysis, regression analysis, mediation effect tests, and other methods are used to analyze the questionnaire data. The results reveal that leadership narcissistic organizational identification plays a mediating role in the process of employees’ emotional contagion perception affecting employees’ psychology. Compared with younger employees, older employees have better psychological quality and mental health. There are also significant differences in emotion and work enthusiasm among employees with different educational backgrounds and positions. Employees’ perception of emotional contagion to pretending expressions, indifferent expressions, contempt expressions, and sincere expressions has an obvious positive impact on the psychological impact of other employees. The classification accuracy and regression error rate of the constructed multilearning emotion recognition network are 28.5% and 9.8%, respectively, which can accurately identify the emotional performance of employees. This work helps enterprises better understand the mental health of their employees.
Relationship between Self-Esteem, Interpersonal Trust, and Social Anxiety of College Students
This study attempts to disclose the relationship between self-esteem, interpersonal trust, and social anxiety of college students and provide an empirical reference for enhancing their self-esteem, cultivating their interpersonal trust, and reducing their social anxiety. Specifically, 673 college students were randomly sampled and measured against the self-esteem scale (SES), interpersonal trust scale (TS), and interaction anxiousness scale (IAS). The results show that self-esteem does not vary significantly with genders and origins; social anxiety does not vary significantly with origins but differs significantly between genders; the social anxiety of males is much lower than that of females; interpersonal trust differs significantly between genders and between origins. Self-esteem is significantly correlated with interpersonal trust (, ). Social anxiety has a significant negative correlation with self-esteem (, ) and with social anxiety (, ). Interpersonal trust partly mediates the relationship between self-esteem and social anxiety. These findings provide a theoretical basis for enhancing and improving mental health education of college students.
Exploration of Strategies for Organic Integration of Labor Education and Occupational Therapy for College Students
This paper analyzes the actual functions of the labor education and occupational therapy phase through an in-depth study of labor education and occupational therapy for college students and explores the strategies of organic integration of labor education and occupational therapy for college students. This paper carries out a holistic theoretical construction of labor education in schools and systematically analyzes the components of labor education objectives in colleges and universities, labor education contents in schools, labor education implementation in schools, and labor education evaluation in schools. The main goal of labor education in colleges and universities is to guide students in establishing a scientific concept of labor and constructing a labor education resource system. It focuses on strengthening the construction and improvement of the labor education theoretical system, promoting the construction of labor education disciplines and professional courses, and attaching importance to the training of labor education teachers in the new era to contribute to the perfection of labor education. The system of labor education practice should be innovated. Of course, the labor practice activities based on institutionalization should be implemented. The cycle of labor activities based on the principle of continuity should be strengthened, and the effectiveness of labor education should be improved totally from explicit and implicit instructions. The core of occupational therapy is to help college students adapt to social work, give full play to their self-worth, obtain economic resources, and improve self-confidence. The organic integration of labor education and occupational therapy shows that it can help students ease their social adaptability and adapt to social functions, improve the reemployment rate, and improve students’ overall health. Therefore, the practical research on labor education and occupational therapy should be strengthened.