Occupational Therapy International / 2017 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Immediate Effects of Deep Pressure on Young People with Autism and Severe Intellectual Difficulties: Demonstrating Individual Differences

Table 1

It shows the characteristics of the participants. Not all participants had been tested on the psychoeducational profile [14], but all of them had been assessed educationally using the P scales as recommended for pupils with special educational needs in England [15].

Participant (number of sessions)Age (yrs:mths)Psychoeducational profile [14]Academic levelsCommunication SkillsReasons for deep pressure
Cognitive verbal/preverbalExpressive languageReceptive languageFine MotorGross MotorVMI

Alison (130)07:10382623392930P5PECS level 3Banging her head against people
Brian (45)17:09P5PECS level 4Hitting self, body slamming against walls
Carl (40)12:1020<1219232525P5PECS level 1Biting hand
David (17)13:09252123292725P5PECS level 4Dropping to floor
Eric (49)15:03261315232218P6Slapping walls
Fenella (17)14:06<12<12<12<12<12<12P4PECS level 4Dropping to floor
Graham (39)15:10P5PECS level 3Slapping own head
Herbert (48)09:05P4PECS level 1Wraps himself in blanket, extremely sensitive to sound

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