Occupational Therapy International / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

The Immediate Effects of Deep Pressure on Young People with Autism and Severe Intellectual Difficulties: Demonstrating Individual Differences

Table 2

Means and standard deviations recorded for the scales before and after deep pressure sessions.

Participant (number of sessions)ScaleBefore session mean (SD)After session mean (SD) value of Tau-U statistic

Alison (130)7.84 (2.40)8.99 (1.59)
7.73 (2.37)8.87 (1.54)
8.17 (4.74)8.88 (1.56)
Happy7.26 (2.83)8.78 (1.62)
7.94 (2.10)8.87 (1.59)
Brian (45)Calmness5.74 (2.51)7.20 (2.16)
Engaged4.66 (2.40)6.59 (2.32)
Responsivity4.74 (2.43)6.39 (2.50)
Happy4.92 (2.68)6.91 (2.19)
Communicative5.64 (1.64)6.78 (1.93)
Carl (40)Calmness7.35 (2.65)8.84 (1.12)
6.78 (2.58)8.51 (1.49)
6.93 (2.56)8.66 (1.35)
6.85 (2.83)8.67 (1.31)
5.92 (2.87)8.08 (2.19)
David (17)Calmness5.89 (2.49)8.48 (1.08)
Engaged5.52 (2.58)8.03 (1.57)
Responsivity5.87 (2.44)8.24 (1.20)
Happy6.15 (2.59)8.19 (1.53)2.50
Communicative6.22 (2.96)8.06 (1.78)1.66
Eric (49)Calmness4.68 (2.78)7.69 (2.04)
Engaged4.65 (2.61)7.27 (2.15)
Responsivity5.29 (2.37)7.65 (2.08)
5.69 (2.61)8.02 (1.86)
Communicative5.06 (2.35)7.55 (1.98)
Fenella (17)Calmness5.71 (2.35)5.99 (2.40)0.29
Engaged4.49 (2.60)4.90 (2.60)−0.03
Responsivity4.99 (2.36)4.99 (2.64)−0.21
Happy5.30 (3.01)5.19 (2.75)0.26
Communicative4.71 (2.76)4.85 (2.53)−0.59
Graham (39)Calmness7.51 (1.91)8.66 (1.10)
7.04 (2.41)8.24 (2.18)2.20
7.32 (2.35)8.31 (1.85)1.69
Happy8.12 (1.86)9.04 (0.94)2.56
Communicative7.58 (2.14)8.66 (1.16)
Herbert (48)Calmness5.83 (1.91)6.83 (1.92)0.11
Engaged4.61 (2.13)6.33 (2.08)0.12
Responsivity5.39 (1.97)6.40 (1.95)0.12
Happy5.84 (2.13)6.82 (1.89)0.11
Communicative4.89 (2.07)5.90 (2.20) 0.12

Notes. Corrected baseline Tau-U statistic used; ; ; . Significance figures corrected for multiple imputation per participant using the Bonferroni correction, that is, () used as the highest level of significance reported.

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