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Occupational Therapy International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9539206, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9539206
Research Article

Evaluating Hand Function in Clients with Trigger Finger

1School of Occupational Therapy, Hadassah and Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
2Department of Orthopaedics, Sherutay Briut Clalit, Jerusalem, Israel
3Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel

Correspondence should be addressed to Danit Langer; moc.liamg@01regnald

Received 27 July 2016; Revised 5 October 2016; Accepted 13 November 2016; Published 10 January 2017

Academic Editor: Claudia Hilton

Copyright © 2017 Danit Langer et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Trigger finger (TF) is a common hand pathology frequently encountered in hand clinics. Occupational therapists predominantly assess TF symptoms as opposed to using standardized hand functioning assessments. The purpose of this study was to assess the construct validity of dexterity and grip strength assessments for clients with TF. Method. Sixty-three participants with TF and 66 healthy controls were administered the Functional Dexterity Test (FDT), Purdue Pegboard Test (PPT), and Jamar® Hydraulic Hand Dynamometer (JD) and completed the Disabilities of Arm Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (DASH). TF symptoms were graded using the Quinnell classification. Results. Statistically significant differences were found between the groups in dexterity and grip strength. A statistically significant difference between the three TF grades was found on the PPT. All three test scores were moderately correlated with the DASH scores. Conclusion. This study provides innovative evidence for the validity of common hand function assessments for individuals with TF and recommends incorporating these tools in clinical practice. Further research is needed with larger samples and better representation of each TF clinical grade.