Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Occupational Therapy International
Volume 2018, Article ID 4636780, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4636780
Research Article

Play, Playfulness, and Self-Efficacy: Parental Experiences with Children on the Autism Spectrum

University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, School of Health Professions, Occupational Therapy Program, PO Box 365067, San Juan, PR 00936-5067, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Rosa Román-Oyola; ude.rpu@2namor.asor

Received 13 April 2018; Accepted 19 August 2018; Published 1 October 2018

Academic Editor: Karen Stagnitti

Copyright © 2018 Rosa Román-Oyola et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. D. Parham and L. Fazio, Play in Occupational Therapy for Children, Mosby, St. Louis, MO, USA, 2nd edition, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. E. Schaefer and A. A. Drewes, “The therapeutic power of play and play therapy,” in Foundations of Play Therapy, C. E. Schaefer, Ed., pp. 15–23, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, USA, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  3. M. Theobald, S. Danby, J. Einarsdóttir et al., “Children’s perspectives of play and learning for educational practice,” Education Sciences, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 345–362, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. E. P. Fisher, “The impact of play on development: a meta-analysis,” Play & Culture, vol. 5, pp. 159–181, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  5. L. A. Barnett, “Characterizing playfulness: correlates with individual attributes and personality traits,” Play & Culture, vol. 4, pp. 371–393, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  6. G. Skard and A. C. Bundy, “Test of playfulness,” in Play in Occupational Therapy for Children, L. D. Parham and L. S. Fazio, Eds., pp. 71–93, Mosby, St. Louis, MO, USA, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. C. Bundy, “Children and play: can I play, too?” in Kids Can Be Kids: A Childhood Occupation Approach, S. J. Lane and A. C. Bundy, Eds., pp. 28–43, F. A. Davis, Philadelphia, PA, USA, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  8. R. P. Hobson, A. Lee, and J. A. Hobson, “Qualities of symbolic play among children with autism: a social-developmental perspective,” Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 12–22, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. N. Skaines, S. Rodger, and A. Bundy, “Playfulness in children with autistic disorder and their typically developing peers,” British Journal of Occupational Therapy, vol. 69, no. 11, pp. 505–512, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. MacDonald, S. Sacramone, R. Mansfield, K. Wiltz, and W. H. Ahearn, “Using video modeling to teach reciprocal pretend play to children with autism,” Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 43–55, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Howard and K. McInnes, “The impact of children’s perception of an activity as play rather than not play on emotional well-being,” Child: Care, Health and Development, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 737–742, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. W. Vernon, R. L. Koegel, H. Dauterman, and K. Stolen, “An early social engagement intervention for young children with autism and their parents,” Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 2702–2717, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. Keen, D. Couzens, S. Muspratt, and S. Rodger, “The effects of a parent-focused intervention for children with a recent diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder on parenting stress and competence,” Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 229–241, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Bandura, “Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change,” Psychological Review, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 191–215, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. M. Teti and D. M. Gelfand, “Behavioral competence among mothers of infants in the first year: the mediational role of maternal self-efficacy,” Child Development, vol. 62, no. 5, pp. 918–929, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. P. R. Benson and K. L. Karlof, “Anger, stress proliferation, and depressed mood among parents of children with ASD: a longitudinal replication,” Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 350–362, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. P. Hastings and T. Brown, “Behavior problems of children with autism, parental self-efficacy, and mental health,” American Journal on Mental Retardation, vol. 107, no. 3, pp. 222–232, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. V. Totsika, R. P. Hastings, E. Emerson, D. M. Berridge, and G. A. Lancaster, “Prosocial skills in young children with autism, and their mothers’ psychological well-being: longitudinal relationships,” Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, vol. 13-14, pp. 25–31, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Román-Oyola, S. Reynolds, I. Soto-Feliciano, L. Cabrera-Mercader, and J. Vega-Santana, “Child’s sensory profile and adult playfulness as predictors of parental self-efficacy,” American Journal of Occupational Therapy, vol. 71, no. 2, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. L. Landreth, “Play therapy in elementary school settings,” in Handbook of Play Therapy, C. E. Schaefer and K. J. O’Connor, Eds., pp. 202–212, Wiley, New York, NY, USA, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  21. B. Youell, “The importance of play and playfulness,” European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 121–129, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. M. Flippin and L. R. Watson, “Fathers' and mothers' verbal responsiveness and the language skills of young children with autism spectrum disorder,” American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 400–410, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. Y. Shire, A. Gulsrud, and C. Kasari, “Increasing responsive parent-child interactions and joint engagement: comparing the influence of parent-mediated intervention and parent psychoeducation,” Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 1737–1747, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. Kasari, A. C. Gulsrud, C. Wong, S. Kwon, and J. Locke, “Randomized controlled caregiver mediated joint engagement intervention for toddlers with autism,” Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 1045–1056, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R. L. Koegel, A. Bimbela, and L. Schreibman, “Collateral effects of parent training on family interactions,” Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 347–359, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Y. S. Lincoln and E. G. Guba, Naturalistic Inquiry, Sage Publications, Beverly Hills, CA, USA, 1985.
  27. J. Creswell, Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design, Sage Publications, Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2013.
  28. P. Rose, J. Beeby, and D. Parker, “Academic rigour in the lived experience of researchers using phenomenological methods in nursing,” Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1123–1129, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. T. Keller, J. Ramisch, and M. Carolan, “Relationships of children with autism spectrum disorders and their fathers,” The Qualitative Report, vol. 19, no. 33, pp. 1–15, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  30. B. Pini, “Interviewing men: gender and the collection and interpretation of qualitative data,” Journal of Sociology, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 201–216, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. A. Broom, K. Hand, and P. Tovey, “The role of gender, environment and individual biography in shaping qualitative interview data,” International Journal of Social Research Methodology, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 51–65, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. B. Miles, A. M. Huberman, and J. Saldaña, Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebook, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA, 3rd edition, 2014.
  33. J. Saldaña, The Coding Manual for Qualitative Researchers, Sage Publications, Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2013.
  34. H. J. Streubert and D. R. Carpenter, Qualitative Research in Nursing, Wolters Kluwer Health, Philadelphia, PA, USA, 2011.
  35. R. Fletcher, J. StGeorge, and E. Freeman, “Rough and tumble play quality: theoretical foundations for a new measure of father–child interaction,” Early Child Development and Care, vol. 183, no. 6, pp. 746–759, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. L. A. Newland, H. H. Chen, D. D. Coyl-Shepherd et al., “Parent and child perspectives on mothering and fathering: the influence of ecocultural niches,” Early Child Development and Care, vol. 183, no. 3-4, pp. 534–552, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. D. Paquette, “Theorizing the father-child relationship: mechanisms and developmental outcomes,” Human Development, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 193–219, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. L. Fava, K. Strauss, G. Valeri, L. D’Elia, S. Arima, and S. Vicari, “The effectiveness of a cross-setting complementary staff- and parent-mediated early intensive behavioral intervention for young children with ASD,” Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 1479–1492, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. J. M. Pierucci, “Mothers’ scaffolding techniques used during play in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder,” Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 217–235, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. L. A. Vismara, C. Colombi, and S. J. Rogers, “Can one hour per week of therapy lead to lasting changes in young children with autism,” Autism, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 93–115, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. Y. C. Lee, P. C. Chan, S. K. Lin, C. T. Chen, C. Y. Huang, and K. L. Chen, “Correlation patterns between pretend play and playfulness in children with autism spectrum disorder, developmental delay, and typical development,” Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, vol. 24, pp. 29–38, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. C. Jarrold, “A review of research into pretend play in autism,” Autism, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 379–390, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. K. Stagnitti and C. Unsworth, “The importance of pretend play in child development: an occupational therapy perspective,” British Journal of Occupational Therapy, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 121–127, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. K. Stagnitti, “Play therapy for school-age children with high-functioning autism,” in Play Therapy in Middle Childhood, A. A. Drewes and C. E. Schaefer, Eds., pp. 237–255, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, USA, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  45. J. Case-Smith and H. M. Kuhaneck, “Play preferences of typically developing children and children with developmental delays between ages 3 and 7 years,” Occupational Therapy Journal of Research, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 19–29, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. F. Graham, S. Rodger, and J. Ziviani, “Coaching parents to enable children’s participation: an approach for working with parents and their children,” Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 16–23, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. American Occupational Therapy Association, “Occupational therapy practice framework: domain and process (3rd edition),” American Journal of Occupational Therapy, vol. 68, pp. S1–S48, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. C. T. Myers, J. Case-Smith, and J. Cason, “Early intervention,” in Occupational Therapy for Children and Adolescents, J. Case-Smith and J. C. O’Brien, Eds., pp. 636–663, Elsevier, St. Louis, MO, USA, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  49. D. Simpson, “Coaching as a family-centred, occupational therapy intervention for autism: a literature review,” Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools, & Early Intervention, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 109–125, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. H. M. Kuhaneck, K. J. Tanta, A. K. Coombs, and H. Pannone, “A survey of pediatric occupational therapists’ use of play,” Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools, & Early Intervention, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 213–227, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. K. Suwada, “Being a traditional dad or being more like a mum? Clashing models of fatherhood according to Swedish and Polish fathers,” Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 467–481, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  52. J. M. StGeorge, J. C. Goodwin, and R. J. Fletcher, “Parents’ views of father–child rough-and-tumble play,” Journal of Child and Family Studies, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 1502–1512, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. S. Pinchover, C. Shulman, and A. Bundy, “A comparison of playfulness of young children with and without autism spectrum disorder in interactions with their mothers and teachers,” Early Child Development and Care, vol. 186, no. 12, pp. 1893–1906, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus