Table 1: Differences of leisure activities in the Korean elderly according to demographic characteristics.

ItemsClassifications (%)Outdoor activitiesIndoor activitiesInternet useOther
MSDMSDMSDMSD

AgeYounger elderly (aged 65–74)5436 (58.91)50.5370.2223.89 220.69140.88221.16 2.9917.5830.20 3.4217.221.11
Older elderly (aged 75 and over)3792 (41.09)43.5762.90265.96148.021.2111.323.8623.09
GenderMale3800 (41.18)65.3577.86466.79 270.04153.19297.504.9022.86195.666.2326.99114.28
Female5428 (58.82)35.3055.73217.77135.910.415.131.7712.31
Educational attainmentNo educational attainment1900 (20.59)30.4951.17111.35 242.41145.084.70 0.061.47121.30 1.8810.9441.27
Elementary school3498 (37.91)40.7762.34237.25142.640.255.082.0711.57
Middle school1500 (16.25)51.2468.72230.01144.821.7513.763.1115.13
High school1520 (16.47)66.4977.79240.21152.215.0622.675.9924.49
Postsecondary education810 (8.78)75.9079.69256.30146.5411.7533.4610.7244.73
Marital statusNot married3604 (28.11)244.99146.069.0739.9460.0478.550.526.9176.022.7615.3210.67
Married5624 (43.87)235.64145.1452.6371.273.3718.784.1422.25
Reason for needing careCare not needed8654 (93.78)47.9767.921.68 233.87142.9352.43 2.3415.491.21 3.6920.290.83
Dementia62 (0.67)51.7761.18327.42142.540.000.002.1012.43
Stroke40 (0.43)59.5075.38392.00176.641.509.492.2514.23
Disability102 (1.11)42.7570.19327.84173.160.787.920.785.57
Other reasons370 (4.01)40.2252.27310.54155.431.0815.332.8411.35
Economic activity statusWorking2.87 (31.19)29.8655.33301.84 172.62124.69969.57 1.6111.277.48 2.6814.649.01
Not working6350 (68.81)55.7570.74269.51144.292.5516.864.0221.79
Average monthly household incomeLess than 1 million KRW7080 (76.70)45.6065.5316.90240.20145.440.941.7713.8912.363.5419.731.11
One million KRW–less than 2 million KRW1420 (15.40)51.7670.82233.60150.404.1219.264.2221.70
2 million KRW–less than 3 million KRW422 (4.60)61.5974.66243.44134.284.2920.894.0220.26
Over 3 million KRW306 (3.30)67.7584.21233.60142.174.4622.451.9011.90
Classifications of agricultural residenceAgricultural residence1694 (18.36)26.7154.45205.19198.71131.90164.160.838.6617.921.6811.1819.48
Nonagricultural residence7534 (81.64)52.3969.10248.42146.942.5816.464.0421.29
Size of residential areaCounty/eup2774 (30.06)54.451.32205.19 131.903.20164.16 8.660.2117.92 11.180.2719.48
Urban/dong6454 (69.94)69.100.80146.941.6916.460.1921.290.25
Period covered by research dataWeekdays5464 (59.21)47.0667.051.10 236.98144.753.40 2.1814.740.34 3.7820.031.01
Weekend3764 (40.79)48.5667.87242.66146.702.3716.193.3519.57
Cohabitant statusLiving alone2330 (25.25)232.16143.837.49 40.3961.7036.59 0.909.1224.40 3.5820.590.01
Having cohabitants6898 (74.75)241.70146.0850.1369.042.7216.923.6119.58

Based on KOSTAT criteria, “county/eup” is a designation use in agricultural and rural areas and “urban/dong” in urban areas.