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Parkinson’s Disease
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 9869712, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9869712
Review Article

An Integrated Review of Psychological Stress in Parkinson’s Disease: Biological Mechanisms and Symptom and Health Outcomes

1Virginia Commonwealth University School of Nursing, 1100 East Leigh Street, Richmond, VA 23219, USA
2Virginia Commonwealth University Parkinson’s and Movement Disorders Center and VCU Health Neuroscience, Orthopaedic, and Wellness Center, 11958 West Broad Street, Richmond, VA 23233, USA

Received 8 May 2016; Revised 28 September 2016; Accepted 1 November 2016

Academic Editor: Elka Stefanova

Copyright © 2016 Kim Wieczorek Austin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Kim Wieczorek Austin, Suzanne Weil Ameringer, and Leslie Jameleh Cloud, “An Integrated Review of Psychological Stress in Parkinson’s Disease: Biological Mechanisms and Symptom and Health Outcomes,” Parkinson’s Disease, vol. 2016, Article ID 9869712, 15 pages, 2016. doi:10.1155/2016/9869712