SRX Physics

SRX Physics / 2010 / Article

Research Article | Open Access

Volume 2010 |Article ID 927056 | 6 pages | https://doi.org/10.3814/2010/927056

Infrared Spectroscopic Characterization of Tellurite Glasses Containing Heavy Metal Oxides

Received13 Jul 2009
Revised28 Oct 2009
Accepted15 Nov 2009
Published03 Feb 2010

Abstract

The infrared (IR) spectra of (100-x)TeO2–xWO3 glasses reveal that the glass network consists of [TeO3]/[TeO3+1], [TeO4], [WO4], and [WO6] groups as basic structural units. Addition of WO3 oxide to the binary TeO2–WO3 glasses increases the amount of lower coordination of [TeO3]/[TeO3+1] units and decreases the higher coordination of [TeO4] units and also the formation of Te–O–W linkages at the expense of Te–O–Te linkages. The IR spectra of 60TeO2–(40-x)WO3–xPbO glasses reveal that the glass network consists of [TeO3], [TeO4], [WO4], [WO6], and [PbO4] units. Changes in the coordination state of tellurium and tungsten ions occur when the PbO and WO3 concentrations are varied. The dual role of the lead ions is confirmed in 60TeO2–(40-x)WO3–xPbO glass system. The W ion coordination state changes from 4 to 6 when WO3 concentration increases beyond 30 mol% in both (100-x)TeO2–xWO3 and 60TeO2–(40-x)WO3–xPbO glass systems. The IR spectra of 60B2O3–10TeO2–(30-x)ZnO–xPbO glasses reveal that the glass network consists of [TeO3], [BO3], and [BO4] groups.

References

  1. P. Marcel, Annales de Chimie, Science des Matériaux, vol. 28, p. 87, 2003.
  2. M. J. Weber, J. D. Myers, and D. H. Blackburn, “Optical properties of Nd3+ in tellurite and phosphotellurite glasses,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 2944–2949, 1981. View at: Publisher Site | Nd3+%20in%20tellurite%20and%20phosphotellurite%20glasses&author=M. J. Weber&author=J. D. Myers&author=&author=D. H. Blackburn&publication_year=1981" target="_blank">Google Scholar
  3. K. Shioya, T. Komatsu, H. G. Kim, R. Sato, and K. Matusita, “Optical properties of transparent glass-ceramics in K2ONb2O5TeO2 glasses,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 189, no. 1-2, pp. 16–24, 1995. View at: K2ONb2O5TeO2%20glasses&author=K. Shioya&author=T. Komatsu&author=H. G. Kim&author=R. Sato&author=&author=K. Matusita&publication_year=1995" target="_blank">Google Scholar
  4. R. A. F. El-Mallawany, Tellurite Glasses Handbook-Physical Properties and Data, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Calif, USA, 2001.
  5. T. Kosuge, Y. Benino, V. Dimitrov, R. Sato, and T. Komatsu, “Thermal stability and heat capacity changes at the glass transition in K2O-WO3-TeO2 glasses,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 242, no. 2-3, pp. 154–164, 1998. View at: K2O-WO3-TeO2%20glasses&author=T. Kosuge&author=Y. Benino&author=V. Dimitrov&author=R. Sato&author=&author=T. Komatsu&publication_year=1998" target="_blank">Google Scholar
  6. I. Shaltout, Y. Tang, R. Braunstein, and E. E. Shaisha, “FTIR spectra and some optical properties of tungstate-tellurite glasses,” Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, vol. 57, no. 9, pp. 1223–1230, 1996. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  7. R. A. F. El-Mallawany, Tellurite Glasses Handbook, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Calif, USA, 2002.
  8. E. Fargin, A. Berthereau, T. Cardinal et al., “Optical non-linearity in oxide glasses,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 203, pp. 96–101, 1996. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  9. B. N. Meera, A. K. Sood, N. Chandrabhas, and J. Ramakrishna, “Raman study of lead borate glasses,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 126, no. 3, pp. 224–230, 1990. View at: Google Scholar
  10. T. Takaishi, M. Takahashi, J. Jin, T. Uchino, T. Yoko, and M. Takahashi, “Structural study on PbO-SiO2 glasses by X-ray and neutron diffraction and S29i MAS NMR measurements,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 88, no. 6, pp. 1591–1596, 2005. View at: Publisher Site | SiO2%20glasses%20by%20X-ray%20and%20neutron%20diffraction%20and%20S29i%20MAS%20NMR%20measurements&author=T. Takaishi&author=M. Takahashi&author=J. Jin&author=T. Uchino&author=T. Yoko&author=&author=M. Takahashi&publication_year=2005" target="_blank">Google Scholar
  11. K. J. Rao, B. G. Rao, and S. R. Elliott, “Glass formation in the system PbO-PbCI2,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 1678–1682, 1985. View at: Publisher Site | PbCI2&author=K. J. Rao&author=B. G. Rao&author=&author=S. R. Elliott&publication_year=1985" target="_blank">Google Scholar
  12. G. E. Rachkovskaya and G. B. Zakharevich, “IR spectra of tellurium germanate glasses and their structure,” Journal of Applied Spectroscopy, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 86–89, 2007. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  13. L. M. Fortes, L. F. Santos, M. C. Goncalves, and R. M. Almeida, “Preparation and characterization of Er3+-doped TeO2-based oxyhalide glasses,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 324, no. 1-2, pp. 150–158, 2003. View at: Publisher Site | Er3+-doped%20TeO2-based%20oxyhalide%20glasses&author=L. M. Fortes&author=L. F. Santos&author=M. C. Goncalves&author=&author=R. M. Almeida&publication_year=2003" target="_blank">Google Scholar
  14. Y. Dimitriev, V. Dimitrov, and M. Arnaudov, “IR spectra and structures of tellurite glasses,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 1353–1358, 1983. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  15. V. Dimitrov, M. Arnaudov, and Y. Dimitriev, “IR-spectral study of the effect of WO3 on the structure of tellurite glasses,” Monatshefte für Chemie, vol. 115, no. 8-9, pp. 987–991, 1984. View at: Publisher Site | WO3%20on%20the%20structure%20of%20tellurite%20glasses&author=V. Dimitrov&author=M. Arnaudov&author=&author=Y. Dimitriev&publication_year=1984" target="_blank">Google Scholar
  16. P. Caillet and P. Saumagne, “Étude des monomolybdates et monowolframates alcalins anhydres par spectroscopie infrarouge et raman,” Journal of Molecular Structure, vol. 4, no. 2–4, pp. 191–201, 1969. View at: Google Scholar
  17. P. Charton, L. Gengembre, and P. Armand, “TeO2-WO3 glasses: infrared, XPS and XANES structural characterizations,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 168, no. 1, pp. 175–183, 2002. View at: Publisher Site | TeO2-WO3%20glasses:%20infrared,%20XPS%20and%20XANES%20structural%20characterizations&author=P. Charton&author=L. Gengembre&author=&author=P. Armand&publication_year=2002" target="_blank">Google Scholar
  18. D. Munoz-Martín, M. A. Villegas, J. Gonzalo, and J. M. Fernández-Navarro, “Characterisation of glasses in the TeO2-WO3-PbO system,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 29, no. 14, pp. 2903–2913, 2009. View at: Publisher Site | TeO2-WO3-PbO%20system&author=D. Munoz-Martín&author=M. A. Villegas&author=J. Gonzalo&author=&author=J. M. Fernández-Navarro&publication_year=2009" target="_blank">Google Scholar
  19. M. Tatsumisago, T. Minami, Y. Kowada, and H. Adachi, “Structural change of rapidly quenched binary tellurite glasses with composition and temperature,” Physics and Chemistry of Glasses, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 89–97, 1994. View at: Google Scholar
  20. S. Muthupari and K. J. Rao, “Thermal and infrared spectroscopic studies of binary MO3-P2O5 and ternary Na2O-MO3-P2O5 (M=Mo or W) glasses,” Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 553–561, 1996. View at: Publisher Site | MO3-P2O5%20and%20ternary%20Na2O-MO3-P2O5%20(M=Mo%20or%20W)%20glasses&author=S. Muthupari &author=K. J. Rao&publication_year=1996" target="_blank">Google Scholar
  21. I. Shaltout, Y. Tang, R. Braunstein, and A. M. Abu-Elazm, “Structural studies of tungstate-tellurite glasses by raman spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry,” Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 141–150, 1995. View at: Google Scholar
  22. Y. Mizuno, M. Ikeda, and A. Yoshida, “Application of tellurite bonding glasses to magnetic heads,” Journal of Materials Science Letters, vol. 11, no. 24, pp. 1653–1656, 1992. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  23. C. Y. Wang, Z. X. Shen, and B. V. R. Chowdari, “Raman studies of Ag2O·WO3·TeO2 ternary glasses,” Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 819–823, 1998. View at: Publisher Site | Ag2O·WO3·TeO2%20ternary%20glasses&author=C. Y. Wang&author=Z. X. Shen&author=&author=B. V. R. Chowdari&publication_year=1998" target="_blank">Google Scholar
  24. D. Lezal, J. Horak, J. Navratil, S. Karamazov, and A. Sklenar, “Reflectivity spectra of PbO-TeO2-SiO2 glasses with high PbO content,” Physics and Chemistry of Glasses, vol. 42, no. 4-5, pp. 324–327, 2001. View at: TeO2-SiO2%20glasses%20with%20high%20PbO%20content&author=D. Lezal&author=J. Horak&author=J. Navratil&author=S. Karamazov&author=&author=A. Sklenar&publication_year=2001" target="_blank">Google Scholar
  25. V. R. Kumar and N. Veeraiah, “Dielectric properties of ZnF2-PbO-TeO2 glasses,” Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 91–97, 1998. View at: ZnF2-PbO-TeO2%20glasses&author=V. R. Kumar &author=N. Veeraiah&publication_year=1998" target="_blank">Google Scholar
  26. P. J. Bray and J. G. Okeese, Interaction of Radiation with Solids, Dienum, New York, NY, USA, 1967.
  27. E. I. Kamitsos, M. A. Karakassides, and G. D. Chryssikos, “A vibrational study of lithium sulfate based fast ionic conducting borate glasses,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 90, no. 19, pp. 4528–4533, 1986. View at: Google Scholar
  28. M. Ganguli and K.J. Rao, “Studies on the effect of Li2SO4 on the structure of lithium borate glasses,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 103, no. 6, pp. 920–930, 1999. View at: Li2SO4%20on%20the%20structure%20of%20lithium%20borate%20glasses&author=M. Ganguli &author=K.J. Rao&publication_year=1999" target="_blank">Google Scholar
  29. E. I. Kamitsos, A. P. Patsis, M. A. Karakassides, and G. D. Chryssikos, “Infrared reflectance spectra of lithium borate glasses,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 126, no. 1-2, pp. 52–67, 1990. View at: Google Scholar
  30. A. G. Vlasov and V. A. Florinski, Eds., Structure and Physicochemical Properties of Inorganic Glasses, A. G. Vlasov and V. A. Florinski, Eds., Leningrad, Khimiya, Russia, 1974.
  31. N. M. Pavlushkin and A. K. Zhuravlev, Low-Melting Glasses, Energiya, Moscow, Russia, 1970.
  32. G. Srinivasarao and N. Veeraiah, “Influence of Cr3+ ions on the structure and certain physical properties of PbO-As2O3 glasses,” The European Physical Journal—Applied Physics, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 11–22, 2001. View at: Publisher Site | Cr3+%20ions%20on%20the%20structure%20and%20certain%20physical%20properties%20of%20PbO-As2O3%20glasses&author=G. Srinivasarao &author=N. Veeraiah&publication_year=2001" target="_blank">Google Scholar

Copyright © 2010 G. Upender et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

73 Views | 0 Downloads | 0 Citations
 PDF  Download Citation  Citation
 Download other formatsMore
 Order printed copiesOrder