Table of Contents
Physiology Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 283814, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/283814
Research Article

Changes in Haematological Indices in Normal Pregnancy

1Patychyky Research Consultancy, 16 College Road, Abraka, Nigeria
2Department of Medical Physiology, Delta State University PMB 1, Abraka, Nigeria
3Department of Biochemistry, University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
4Department of Pharmacology Delta State University PMB 1, Abraka, Nigeria
5Emma-Maria Laboratories and Consultancy, 45 Old Sapele Agbor Road C/O PMB 1, Abraka, Nigeria

Received 15 August 2013; Revised 21 October 2013; Accepted 4 November 2013

Academic Editor: Juan J. Loor

Copyright © 2013 Patrick Chukwuyenum Ichipi-Ifukor et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Variation in some haematological indices during normal pregnancy was investigated. The test group comprised 200 pregnant women who presented themselves at the Capitol Hill Clinic Warri, Delta State, Nigeria, for antenatal care while the control group comprised 80 nonpregnant women randomly selected from the student population in Delta State University, Abraka. Data generated from the pretest questionnaire indicated that 55.8% of the research participants experienced an increase in appetite. The analysis of haematological indices was done using automated hematological analyzer. The result from the study showed that there was a significant decrease ( ) in the PCV of the test group ( )% when compared to the control ( )%. Similarly, the result of the blood haemoglobin showed a significant difference ( ) between the test ( ) g/dL and the control group ( ) g/dL while granulocytes and platelets also showed significant decrease ( ) with lymphocytes increasing significantly; the total white blood cell count (WBC) showed no significant difference; there was an increased level compared to the control. The study concluded that pregnancy in women has the tendency to alter haematological indices.