Table of Contents
Physiology Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 956960, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/956960
Research Article

A Population-Based Study on Gestational Weight Gain according to Body Mass Index in the Southeast of Brazil

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Alexander Fleming 101, 13083-881 Campinas, SP, Brazil

Received 12 December 2013; Revised 7 May 2014; Accepted 8 May 2014; Published 25 May 2014

Academic Editor: Germán Vicente-Rodriguez

Copyright © 2014 Ana Carolina Godoy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Gestational weight gain (GWG) may interfere in perinatal outcomes and also cause future problems throughout woman’s life. The aim of this population-based study is to evaluate the GWG in Campinas city, southeast of Brazil. A total of 1052 women, who delivered in the three major maternity hospitals in Campinas, were interviewed during postpartum period. The general average of GWG was . Of total women, 13.6% were obese and 24.6% were overweight and, in these groups, 55.9% and 53.7%, respectively, exceeded GWG according to the Institute of Medicine recommendations. 6.2% of total women had low body mass index (BMI) and 35.5% in this group had insufficient GWG. Overweight and obese women had a higher risk of excessive GWG and delivery by c-section. The c-section rate was 58.9% and increased according to GWG. Prematurity was more prevalent first in obese and then in low BMI women. Considering the high BMI in women in reproductive age, it is necessary to take effective guidelines about lifestyle and nutritional orientation in order to help women reach adequate GWG. All of them could improve prenatal outcomes and women’s heath as a whole.