Table of Contents
Research Letters in Physics
Volume 2008, Article ID 237023, 4 pages
Research Letter

Synthesis and Characterization of Neodymium Oxide in Silica Matrix by Solgel Protocol Method

1Materials Science Lab, Department of Applied Physics, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar 125001, India
2Materials Science Lab, Department of Physics, Chaudhry Devi Lal University, Sirsa 125055, India

Received 4 February 2008; Accepted 6 May 2008

Academic Editor: Yue Wu

Copyright © 2008 Surender Duhan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Formation of nanocrystalline rare earth was prepared by solgel route, using tetra-ethoxysilane and Nd ( N O 3 ) 3 as precursor materials and HCl as a catalyst. The prepared samples were submitted to thermal treatments at temperature 5 0 0 C (5 hours) and 8 0 0 C (10 hours). Structural changes were investigated by XRD, FTIR spectroscopy, and SEM. At 8 0 0 C (10 hours) resulted in the formation of cubic N d 2 O 3 nanocrystallites with average size 20 nm.