Table of Contents
Research Letters in Physics
Volume 2009 (2009), Article ID 382578, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/382578
Research Letter

Effect of Sm Substitution on Structural, Dielectric, and Transport Properties of PZT Ceramics

1Department of Physics, Jamshedpur Co-operative College, Jamshedpur 831036, India
2Department of Physics, Jamshedpur Worker's College, Jamshedpur 831012, India
3Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (I.I.T KGP), Kharagpur 721302, India

Received 24 November 2008; Accepted 1 January 2009

Academic Editor: Lian Gao

Copyright © 2009 Rajiv Ranjan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. V. Hiremath, A. I. Kingon, and J. V. Biggers, “Reaction sequence in the formation of lead zirconate-lead titanate solid solution: role of raw materials,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 66, no. 11, pp. 790–793, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. T. Ohno, M. Takahashi, and N. Tsubouchi, “Perovskite formation process in Pb(Ti, Zr)O3 Ceramics Containing SiO2,” Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 154–160, 1973. View at Google Scholar
  3. S. S. Chandratreya, R. M. Fulrath, and J. A. Pask, “Reaction mechanisms in the formation of PZT solid solutions,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 64, no. 7, pp. 422–425, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. B. Jaffe, W. R. Crook, and H. Jaffe, Piezoelectric Ceramics, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 1971.
  5. W. L. Zhong, Y. G. Wang, P. L. Zhang, and B. D. Qu, “Phenomenological study of the size effect on phase transitions in ferroelectric particles,” Physical Review B, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 698–703, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. S. A. Mabud, “The morphotropic phase boundary in PZT solid solutions,” Journal of Applied Crystallography, vol. 13, part 3, pp. 211–216, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. G. H. Haertling, “Piezoelectric and electrooptic ceramics,” in Ceramic Materials for Electronics, R. C. Buchanan, Ed., chapter 3, pp. 139–225, Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, USA, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  8. B.-S. Chiou, J. N. Kuo, and H. T. Dai, “The preparation of PLZT ceramics from a sol-gel process,” Journal of Electronic Materials, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 393–397, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. U. Chon, K.-B. Kim, H. M. Jang, and G.-C. Yi, “Fatigue-free samarium-modified bismuth titanate (Bi4xSmxTi3O12) film capacitors having large spontaneous polarizations,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 79, no. 19, pp. 3137–3139, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. C. Pramila, T. C. Goel, and P. K. C. Pillai, “Investigations on the piezoelectric and structural properties of samarium-doped lead zirconate titanate ceramics,” Materials Science and Engineering B, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 25–28, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. S. K. Pandey, O. P. Thakur, D. K. Bhattacharya, C. Prakash, and R. Chatterjee, “Structural and electrical properties of Sm3+ substituted PZT ceramics,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 468, no. 1-2, pp. 356–359, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. S. R. Shannigrahi and R. N. P. Choudhary, “Structural and electrical properties of sol-gel prepared Sm modified Pb(Zr0.60Ti0.40)O3 ceramics,” British Ceramic Transactions, vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 25–29, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. C. Prakash and J. K. Juneja, “Investigations on Sm- and Nb-substituted PZT ceramics,” Modern Physics Letters B, vol. 20, no. 29, pp. 1879–1882, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. A. K. Tripathi, T. C. Goel, and C. Prakash, “Preparation of 4:55:45 samarium doped PZT films by sol-gel technique and their characterization,” Materials Science and Engineering B, vol. 96, no. 1, pp. 19–23, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. R. Khazanchi, S. Sharma, and T. C. Goel, “Effect of rare earth Europium substitution on the microstructure, dielectric, ferroelectric and pyroelectric properties of PZT ceramics,” Journal of Electroceramics, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 113–118, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. E. Wu, “POWDMULT: an interactive powder diffraction data interpretation and indexing programmed version 2.1,” School of Physical Sciences, Flinder University of South Australia Bradford Park, SA, and Australia.
  17. S. R. Shannigrahi, R. N. P. Choudhary, and H. N. Acharya, “X-ray, SEM and dielectric studies of Gd-modified sol-gel-prepared lead zirconate-lead titanate solid solution,” Materials Letters, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 318–323, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. J. Lian, L. Wang, J. Chen et al., “The order-disorder transition in ion-irradiated pyrochlore,” Acta Materialia, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 1493–1502, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. A. H. Carim, B. A. Tuttle, D. H. Doughty, and S. L. Martinez, “Microstructure of solution-processed lead zirconate titanate (PZT) thin films,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 74, no. 6, pp. 1455–1458, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. S. L. Swartz and T. R. Shrout, “Fabrication of perovskite lead magnesium niobate,” Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1245–1250, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. J. C. Anderson, in Dielectrics, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1964.
  22. C. J. F. Bottchar, Theory of Electric Polarization, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1952.
  23. M. E. Lines and A. M. Glass, Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials, Oxford University Press, London, UK, 1977.
  24. S. R. Shannigrahi, F. E. H. Tay, K. Yao, and R. N. P. Choudhary, “Effect of rare earth (La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Er and Yb) ion substitutions on the microstructural and electrical properties of sol-gel grown PZT ceramics,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 163–170, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. C. Ang, Z. Yu, and L. E. Cross, “Oxygen-vacancy-related low-frequency dielectric relaxation and electrical conduction in Bi:SrTiO3,” Physical Review B, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 228–236, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. G. Deng, G. Li, A. Ding, and Q. Yin, “Evidence for oxygen vacancy inducing spontaneous normal-relaxor transition in complex perovskite ferroelectrics,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 87, no. 19, Article ID 192905, 3 pages, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. A. Molak, E. Talik, M. Kruczek, M. Paluch, A. Ratuszna, and Z. Ujma, “Characterisation of Pb(Mn1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics by SEM, XRD, XPS and dielectric permittivity tests,” Materials Science and Engineering B, vol. 128, no. 1–3, pp. 16–24, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar