Table of Contents
Physics Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 579745, 9 pages
Research Article

Estimating the Cation Distributions in Ferrites Using X-Ray, FT-IR, and Magnetization Measurements

1Department of Physics, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Wollega University, P.O. Box 395, Nekemte, Ethiopia
2Department of Physics, Bhavan’s Vivekananda College, Sainikpuri, Secunderabad 500094, India
3Department of Physics, GITAM University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh 530045, India
4Department of Physics, RGUKT, IIIT Nuzvid, Andhra Pradesh 521201, India

Received 20 October 2013; Accepted 15 January 2014; Published 4 March 2014

Academic Editor: Ali Hussain Reshak

Copyright © 2014 M. Chaitanya Varma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The fundamental requirements for the shift of critical frequency to microwave frequencies are smaller grains with single domain, high resistivity, high saturation magnetization, moderate permeability, moderate magnetic anisotropy, and low spin relaxation time. With these guidelines an attempt to produce high performance ferrite for high frequency applications the present work aimed to synthesize cobalt substituted Ni-Zn ferrites using sol-gel method. Investigation of effects of cobalt on crystallite size, saturation magnetization, initial permeability, magnetic anisotropy, and spin relaxation time reveals the suitability of these materials for high frequency applications. Further in this paper cat ion distribution was proposed from the basis of variations in these properties. The results of this paper are thus useful to tailor the properties apt for high frequency applications.