Figure 1: The predicted NLHV and discrete field structures of the proton. One of these axes has an extra pair of discrete forces, giving four discrete forces in total but still a net charge of +1. (1) HEDs accept multiple discrete forces. (2) Proton has two extra discrete forces, but these balance each other. (3) Hand is identical to that of electron, but emission direction is reserved (charge). (4) Type of reactive end: oscillating. One reactive end energizing and the other deenergizing one (180° out-of-phase). (5) Span is inversely proportional to frequency (and mass). So proton span is much smaller than electron’s. (6) Some flexibility about location of the extra discrete forces may be possible. (i) Axis is overloaded with discrete forces. (ii) Two discrete forces. (iii) Each discrete force carries a +1/3 electrical charge and so overall +1 charge. |