Physics Research International / 2015 / Article / Fig 4

Research Article

Nuclear Polymer Explains the Stability, Instability, and Nonexistence of Nuclides

Figure 4

Transphasic joint (p × p): the joining of two particules, two protons in this case, with opposite phase allows them to share the same space. Although illustrated with two protons, this type of bond is available to any pair of like particules, including neutron-neutron and electron-electron. Parallel and series arrangements are available. In Figure (a) we have the following. (1) Proton 1, energizing at this location. (2) Proton 2 is deenergizing, out-of-phase. In Figure (b1) we have the following. (1) The structure is shown closed, but open structures (closed by other chains) are permissible. (2) The need to preserve the same reenergizing locations means that the energy systems of participating particules are coupled together. They can redistribute incoming energy between them and hence also entanglement. (3) Reactive ends from the two protons share the same location, but only one is energizing at any one time. (4) The interaction provides a level of bonding, because the reenergizing locales are protected from outside interference. (5) However, the relationship is one of mutual association, and the particules retain their individual identity. In Figure (b2) we have the following. (1) Two protons with a transphasic assembly. (2) The three axes (HEDs) are not filled equally, so this is unstable. (3) For these structures to be stable, the open ends need to be joined together, by other neutrons or protons. (4) Two neutrons with a transphasic assembly.