Table of Contents
Physics Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 3274147, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3274147
Research Article

The Investigation of EM Scattering from the Time-Varying Overturning Wave Crest Model by the IEM

1School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
2State Key Laboratory of Integrated Services Networks, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China

Received 30 December 2015; Revised 6 April 2016; Accepted 12 April 2016

Academic Editor: Jianhui Zhong

Copyright © 2016 Xiao Meng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Investigation of the electromagnetic (EM) scattering of time-varying overturning wave crests is a worthwhile endeavor. Overturning wave crest is one of the reasons of sea spike generation, which increases the probability of false radar alarms and reduces the performance of multitarget detection in the environment. A three-dimensional (3D) time-varying overturning wave crest model is presented in this paper; this 3D model is an improvement of the traditional two-dimensional (2D) time-varying overturning wave crest model. The integral equation method (IEM) was employed to investigate backward scattering radar cross sections (RCS) at various incident angles of the 3D overturning wave crest model. The super phenomenon, where the intensity of horizontal polarization scattering is greater than that of vertical polarization scattering, is an important feature of sea spikes. Simulation results demonstrate that super phenomena may occur in some time samples as variations in the overturning wave crest.