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Pulmonary Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 352850, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/352850
Research Article

Patient’s Knowledge and Attitude towards Tuberculosis in an Urban Setting

1Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Institute of Child and Mother Health, Matuail, Dhaka 1362, Bangladesh
2Centre for Injury Prevention Bangladesh, Bangladesh

Received 30 June 2012; Accepted 13 December 2012

Academic Editor: Andrew Sandford

Copyright © 2012 Saria Tasnim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Tuberculosis is a public health problem in Bangladesh. This cross-sectional study was conducted to assess knowledge of TB patients about symptoms, ways of transmission and treatment of tuberculosis, and their perception of the illness. Between March and August 2008, 762 adult TB patients were interviewed at selected DOTS centre of Dhaka city. Male and female distribution was 55.6% and 44.4%, respectively. One quarter of them were illiterate, and more than half had extended family and live in a congested situation. Night fever was the most common symptom known (89.9%), and 56% were aware that it could spread through sneezing/coughing. Television was mentioned as a source of information about TB. The majority expressed a helping attitude towards other TB patients. Although most of them were positive about getting family support, 46.6% mentioned discrimination of separate utensils for food or drink. About 50.5% expressed increased sadness, 39.8% had fear of loss of job/wedges, and 21.4% felt socially neglected. Along with drug treatment the psychosocial reactions of TB patients should be addressed at DOTS centers for better control of the disease.