Pulmonary Medicine / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Factors Influencing Early Health Facility Contact and Low Default Rate among New Sputum Smear Positive Tuberculosis Patients, India

Table 2

Disease awareness among TB patients with default and delay treatment, Himachal Pradesh, India, 2008-09.

CharacteristicsDelay (<30 day)Delay (>30 day)Risk estimateRisk estimate
(713)(894)(Unadjusted)(Adjusted)
(%) (%)RR (95% CI)aRR (95% CI)

Stigma
 Ashamed271 (38.0)270 (30.2)1.41   1.32  
 Hide from others402 (56.4)552 (61.7)0.80   0.70  
 Disclose to others384 (53.9)373 (41.7)1.63   1.79  
 Hereditary300 (42.1)362 (40.5)1.07 (0.87–1.31)1.03 (0.81–1.31)
 Prefer to be isolated181 (25.4)212 (23.7)1.09 (0.87–1.37)1.08 (0.83–1.39)
 Costly treatment 068 (09.5)043 (04.8)2.08   2.45  
Effect
 Work 502 (70.4) 661 (73.9)0.83 (0.67–1.04)0.73 (0.56–0.97)
 Marriage 218 (30.6)270 (30.2)1.01 (0.82–1.26)0.99 (0.77–1.28)
 Responsibility385 (54.0)466 (52.1)1.07 (0.88–1.31)0.98 (0.76–1.25)
 Female infertility145 (20.3)149 (16.7)1.27 (0.99–1.64)1.22 (0.93–1.61)
Knowledge
 DOTS duration713 (90.9)894 (89.0)1.22 (0.88–1.70)0.86 (0.56–1.31)
 Curable 648 (90.9)796 (89.0)1.96   1.67  
 Contagious 376 (52.7)477 (53.4)0.98 (0.81–1.20)1.05 (0.83–1.32)
 Vaccine 267 (37.4)282 (31.5)1.29   1.35  
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 Yes 642 (90.0)781 (87.4)1.30 (0.95–1.79)1.18 (0.83–1.68)
Time to DOTS centre (minutes)
 <30470 (65.9)587 (65.7)0.97 (0.79–1.20)Ref
 >30205 (28.8)264 (29.5)1.02 (0.83–1.26)1.72  
Waiting time at DOTS center (minutes)
 <30538 (75.5)687 (76.8)0.93 (0.74–1.17)Ref
 >30151 (21.2)175 (19.6)1.07 (0.85–1.35)0.98 (0.75–1.27)
Provider explained
 DOTS duration683 (95.8)823 (92.1) 1.96   1.88  

Statistically significant.

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