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Pulmonary Medicine
Volume 2018, Article ID 5141575, 4 pages
Research Article

Sarcoid-Like Mediastinal Lymphadenopathy in Gynecologic Malignancy

1Department of Internal Medicine, Abington Jefferson Health, Abington, PA, USA
2Department of Surgery, Abington Jefferson Health, Abington, PA, USA
3Department of Pathology, Abington Jefferson Health, Abington, PA, USA
4Pulmonary-Critical Care Medicine, Abington Jefferson Health, Abington, PA, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Bilal H. Lashari; ude.nosreffej@irahsal.lalib

Received 23 September 2017; Revised 11 January 2018; Accepted 17 January 2018; Published 14 February 2018

Academic Editor: Charlie Strange

Copyright © 2018 Bilal H. Lashari et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Noncaseating granulomas are seen surrounding tumors with varying frequency, possibly as part of an immune response to tumor cells. However, data about the association of sarcoid with gynecologic malignancy is sparse. We performed a search of our institutional database for all EBUS-TBNA biopsies conducted within the past five years that revealed granulomatous inflammation. All adult female patients with a history of gynecologic malignancy were included. Patients with a history of sarcoidosis or fungal or mycobacterial infection were excluded. All patients with evidence of malignant cells on TBNA specimen were excluded. Our results revealed 65 patients with histologic diagnosis of a noncaseating granuloma on EBUS-TBNA. Five patients (7.69%) had a history of gynecologic malignancy. Two patients had evidence of PET-positive nodes on surveillance scans, which led directly to the examination. Our findings suggest that distant malignancies may cause granulomatous lymphadenitis, through yet undefined mechanisms. As such, patients with evidence of mediastinal lymphadenopathy could benefit from routine sampling and histologic examination to define the pathology in the correct clinical context.