Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Pathology Research International
Volume 2013, Article ID 243168, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/243168
Research Article

Diagnostic Modalities of Precancerous and Cancerous Cervical Lesions with Special Emphasis on CD31 Angiogenesis Factor as a Marker

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur 208002, India

Received 9 July 2013; Accepted 18 August 2013

Academic Editor: Piero Tosi

Copyright © 2013 Bandana Sharma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Dennis, R. Nadeem, and Abu Rustam, “Cancer of the cervix,” in T-Lindes Operative Gynaecology, Chapter 47, pp. 1227–1290, Wolters Kluver Pvt, 10th India, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  2. R. I. Reid and M. Coppleson, “The reid colposcopic index for lesion grading,” in Colposcopy: Principles and Practice, B. Apgar, G. Brotzman, and M. Spitzer, Eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2nd edition, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  3. M. T. Fahey, L. Irwig, and P. Macaskill, “Meta-analysis of pap test accuracy,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 141, no. 7, pp. 680–689, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Rohtagi, “Evaluation of cervix with colposcope, acetowhite patches ic colposcopically screened womens,” The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India, vol. 39, pp. 433–435, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  5. P. N. Wahi, S. Mali, and U. K. Luthra, “Factors influencing cancer of the uterine cervix in North India,” Cancer, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 1221–1226, 1969. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. Sankaranarayanan, M. Krishnan Nair, P. G. Jayaprakash et al., “Cervical cancer in Kerala: a hospital registry-based study on survival and prognostic factors,” British Journal of Cancer, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 1039–1042, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. I. D. Rotkin, “Relation of adolescent coitus to cervical cancer risk,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 179, pp. 486–491, 1962. View at Google Scholar
  8. P. Hordhanger, U. Mehra, and A. Torranga, “Comparison of colposcopy biopsy and cold knife conization in patients with abnormal cytology,” Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol. 142, p. 333, 1976. View at Google Scholar
  9. S. Ozalp, O. T. Yalcin, U. Oner, H. M. Tanir, M. Acikalin, and I. Sarac, “Microvessel density as a prognostic factor in preinvasive and invasive cervical lesions,” European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 425–428, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Dellas, H. Moch, E. Schultheiss et al., “Angiogenesis in cervical neoplasia: microvessel quantitation in precancerous lesions and invasive carcinomas with clinicopathological correlations,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 27–33, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. L. Silva-Filho, P. Traiman, S. A. Triginelli et al., “Association between CD31 expression and histopathologic features in stage IB squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix,” International Journal of Gynecological Cancer, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 757–762, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. Sapino, L. Righi, P. Cassoni, M. Papotti, P. Gugliotta, and G. Bussolati, “Expression of apocrine differentiation markers in neuroendocrine breast carcinomas of aged women,” Modern Pathology, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 768–776, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. Arihiro, M. Kaneko, S. Fujii, and K. Inai, “Loss of CD9 with expression of CD31 and VEGF in breast carcinoma, as predictive factors of lymph node metastasis,” Breast Cancer, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 131–138, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. F. Alexander-Sefre, N. Singh, A. Ayhan, H. B. Salveson, G. Wilbanks, and I. J. Jacobs, “Detection of tumour lymphovascular space invasion using dual cytokeratin and CD31 immunohistochemistry,” Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 56, no. 10, pp. 786–788, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. I. Pete, V. Toth, and P. Bosze, “The value of colposcopy in screening cervical carcinoma,” European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 120–122, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus