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Pain Research and Management
Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 33-39
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2000/514020
Opioid Sensititvity, Tolerance and Dependence

Spinal Tolerance and Dependence: Some Observations on the Role of Spinal N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptors and Phosphorylation in the Loss of Opioid Analgesic Responses

Tony L Yaksh and Xiao-Ying Hua

Department of Anesthesiology, University of California, San Diego, California, USA, USA

Copyright © 2000 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Tony L Yaksh and Xiao-Ying Hua, “Spinal Tolerance and Dependence: Some Observations on the Role of Spinal N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptors and Phosphorylation in the Loss of Opioid Analgesic Responses,” Pain Research and Management, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 33-39, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1155/2000/514020.