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Pain Research and Management
Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 107-113
Neurology and Chronic Pain

Neuralgias of the Trigeminal Nerve

Allan S Gordon1,2,3

1Wasser Pain Management Centre, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
2Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
3Department of Neurology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Copyright © 2000 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Practitioners are often presented with patients who complain bitterly of facial pain. The trigeminal nerve is involved in four conditions that are sometimes mixed up. The four conditions - trigeminal neuralgia, trigeminal neuropathic pain, postherpetic neuralgia and atypical facial pain - are discussed under the headings of clinical features, differential diagnosis, cause and treatment. This article should help practitioners to differentiate one from the other and to manage their care.