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Pain Research and Management
Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 45-50
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2002/517163
Anxiety and Related Factors in Chronic Pain

A Short Version of the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale (PASS-20): Preliminary Development and Validity

Lance M McCracken1 and Lara Dhingra2

1Pain Management Unit, Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Disease and University of Bath, UK
2Institute of Psychology, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Received 19 December 2000; Accepted 5 February 2001

Copyright © 2002 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Lance M McCracken and Lara Dhingra, “A Short Version of the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale (PASS-20): Preliminary Development and Validity,” Pain Research and Management, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 45-50, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1155/2002/517163.