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Pain Research and Management
Volume 16, Issue 6, Pages 407-410

Evaluating Pain Education Programs: An Integrated Approach

Adam Dubrowski1,2,3,4 and Marie-Paule Morin1,5,6

1Learning Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children, Canada
2Research Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children, Canada
3Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada
4The Wilson Centre, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada
5Division of Rheumatology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
6Department of Pediatrics, Division of Immunology and Rheumatology, CHU Sainte-Justine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Copyright © 2011 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Evaluation of educational programs and assessment of learning are essential to maintain high-standard health science education, which includes pain education. Current models of program evaluations applied to the education of the health professions, such as the Kirkpatrick model, are mainly outcome based. More recently, efforts have been made to examine other process-based models such as the Context Input Process Product model. The present article proposes an approach that integrates both outcome- and process-based models with models of clinical performance assessment to provide a deeper understanding of a program function. Because assessment instruments are a critical part of program evaluation, it is suggested that standardization and rigour should be used in their selection, development and adaptation. The present article suggests an alternative to currently used models in pain education evaluation.