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Pain Research and Management
Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 157-158

Canadian Guideline for Safe and Effective Use of Opioids for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: Implications for Pain Physicians

Meldon Kahan,1 Angela Mailis-Gagnon,2 and Eldon Tunks3

1Department of Family Medicine, University of Toronto; Addiction Medicine Service, Department of Family Medicine, St Joseph’s Health Centre, Canada
2Department of Medicine, Division of Physiatry, Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto; Comprehensive Pain Program, Toronto Western Hospital; ACTION Ontario, Centre for the Study of Pain, Toronto, Canada
3Department of Psychiatry, McMaster University, Hamilton; Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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