Table 1: Baseline characteristics of women waiting for gynaecological surgery.

Total ()
(%)

Demographic covariates
Age
 Years (mean (SD))48.3 (11.3)
Age
 18–44 years227 (38.9)
 45–55 years213 (36.5)
 ≥56 years144 (24.7)
Marital status
 Single/divorced/widowed167 (28.4)
 Married422 (71.6)
Racial heritage
 Caucasian540 (92.9)
 Non-Caucasian41 (7.1)
Highest education grade achieved
 No diploma69 (11.7)
 High school diploma118 (20.0)
 Trade or professional school certificate/diploma221 (37.5)
 Some university/postgraduate181 (30.7)
Employment status
 Unemployed/retired/homemaker155 (26.4)
 Employed part time or full time384 (65.3)
 Other49 (8.3)

Clinical covariates
Body mass index (kg/m2)
 Underweight/normal (≤24.9)155 (26.5)
 Overweight (25–29.9)175 (30.0)
 Obese (≥30)254 (43.5)
Current smoker
 Yes123 (20.9)
 No466 (79.1)
Previous abdominal surgery
 Yes404 (69.2)
 No180 (30.8)

Situational factors
Adjusted days waited
 <4 weeks155 (26.4)
 4–8 weeks198 (33.7)
 >8 weeks235 (40.0)

Psychological factors
Trait anxiety score
 <45469 (80.4)
 ≥45114 (19.6)
CES-D score
 <16372 (63.3)
 ≥16216 (36.7)
Anxiety and/or depression
  No353 (60.5)
  Yes230 (39.5)

Physiological factors, gynaecological
Current menstruation status
 Not stopped305 (51.7)
 Unsure/irregular42 (7.1)
 Stopped naturally181 (30.7)
 Stopped surgically62 (10.5)
Taking hormone replacement therapy
 Yes34 (5.8)
 No556 (94.2)
Birth control pills in the past month
 Yes46 (7.9)
 No536 (92.1)
Preoperative malignancy status
 Possibly malignant137 (23.3)
 Malignant102 (17.3)
 Not malignant349 (59.4)

Physical symptoms
Pain intensity scale (BPI)
 ≤3/10392 (66.7)
 >3/10196 (33.3)
Pain interference scale (BPI)
 ≤3/10395 (67.2)
 >3/10193 (32.8)

Values do not always equal 100% due to rounding; 6 participants missing; 1 participant missing; 9 participants missing; 2 participants missing; 7 participants missing; 8 participants missing; BPI: Brief Pain Inventory; CES-D: Centre for Epidemiological Studies-Depression.