Pain Research and Management / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Implications of Tobacco Smoking on Acute Postoperative Pain: A Prospective Observational Study

Table 1

Demographic data on male patients.

VariableNonsmokersCurrent-smokersPast-smokers value

Age (y/o)63.5 ± 15.454.5 ± 14.366.4 ± 14.2<0.001
Height (cm)165.4 ± 10.2167.2 ± 6.6165.6 ± 11.00.601
Weight (kg)69.3 ± 13.767.6 ± 12.167.9 ± 12.30.46
ASA (I/II/III)7/98/515/83/411/60/620.078
BMI (kg/m2)24.8 ± 3.424.1 ± 3.724.6 ± 4.00.257
Intraoperative fluid infusion (mL)2977 ± 17923158 ± 20792996 ± 19120.168
Intraoperative blood loss (mL)494 ± 410526 ± 487480 ± 4680.704
Intraoperative urine output (mL)521 ± 487782 ± 686626 ± 6070.143
Smoking dependence scale3.9 ± 2.3
Duration after quitting smoking (year)11.5 ± 4.0

Surgical area
 Upper abdomen21 (13%)10 (8%)22 (18%) 0.190
 Lower abdomen96 (61%)62 (48%)74 (60%)
 Extremities21 (13%)16 (12%)13 (11%)
 Spine 15 (10%)17 (13%) 6 (5%)
 Others 3 (2%)24 (19%) 8 (6%)

Past history
 HTN66 (42%)46 (36%)51 (42%)0.115
 DM29 (18%)19 (15%)27 (22%)0.279
 Alcohol drinking15 (10%)28 (22%)27 (22%)0.007
 Betel nut chewing3 (2%)25 (19%)11 (9%)<0.001

Case number 156129123Total cases: 408

Data were presented as mean ± SD or number (%). BMI: body mass index; HTN: hypertension; DM: diabetes mellitus. One-way ANOVA : when compared with the groups of nonsmokers and past-smokers. †: when compared with the group of current-smokers or past-smokers.

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