Pain Research and Management / 2016 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

The Implications of Tobacco Smoking on Acute Postoperative Pain: A Prospective Observational Study

Table 2

Demographic data on female patients.

VariableNonsmokersCurrent-smokersPast-smokers value

Age (y/o)58.8 ± 1.253.5 ± 10.762.8 ± 13.4<0.001
Height (cm)154.5 ± 6.3158.3 ± 7.6150.5 ± 5.00.132
Weight (kg)60.1 ± 11.963.1 ± 15.662.1 ± 8.30.437
ASA (I/II/III)39/256/1143/16/70/3/30.787
BMI (kg/m2)25.2 ± 4.925.2 ± 6.127.8 ± 3.60.435
Intraoperative fluid infusion (mL)2801 ± 15883055 ± 13502241 ± 9930.239
Intraoperative blood loss (mL)421 ± 407520 ± 471425 ± 2880.791
Intraoperative urine output (mL)619 ± 525629 ± 539516 ± 3270.371
Smoking dependence scale2.8 ± 2.1
Duration after quitting smoking (year)10.1 ± 3.6

Surgical area
 Upper abdomen54100.506
 Lower abdomen237165
 Four limbs6141
 Spine 5650
 Others 110

Past history
 HTN156 (38%)6 (23%)2 (33%)0.311
 DM74 (18%)3 (12%)2 (33%)0.371
 Alcohol drinking4 (1%)4 (15%)0 (0%)0.001
 Betel nut chewing1 (0.3%)1 (4%)0 (0%)0.140

Case number 409266Total cases: 441

Data were presented as mean ± SD or number (%). BMI: body mass index; HTN: hypertension; DM: diabetes mellitus. One-way ANOVA : when compared with the groups of nonsmokers or past-smokers.†: when compared with the group of nonsmokers or past-smokers.

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