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Pain Research and Management
Volume 2017, Article ID 1434015, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1434015
Clinical Study

Effectiveness of Hypnosis in Combination with Conventional Techniques of Behavior Management in Anxiety/Pain Reduction during Dental Anesthetic Infiltration

1Posgrado de Estomatología Pediátrica, Facultad de Estomatología, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, Avenida Manuel Nava 2, 78290 San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico
2Laboratorio de Bioquímica, Microbiología y Patología, Facultad de Estomatología, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, Avenida Manuel Nava 2, 78290 San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico
3Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, De Los Talleres 186, Valle Dorado, 78399 San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico
4Departamento de Epidemiología Clínica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, Avenida Venustiano Carranza 2405, 78210 San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico

Correspondence should be addressed to M. Pierdant-Pérez; xm.plsau@tnadreip.oiciruam

Received 30 November 2016; Revised 13 March 2017; Accepted 21 March 2017; Published 11 April 2017

Academic Editor: Gaspare Palaia

Copyright © 2017 A. Ramírez-Carrasco et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background and Objective. Anxiety/pain are experiences that make dental treatment difficult for children, especially during the time of anesthesia. Hypnosis is used in pediatric clinical situations to modify thinking, behavior, and perception as well as, recently, in dentistry; therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of hypnosis combined with conventional behavior management techniques during infiltration anesthetic. Methods. Anxiety/pain were assessed with the FLACC scale during the anesthetic moment, as well as heart rate variability and skin conductance before and during the anesthetic moment, between the control and experimental group. Results. A marginal statistical difference () was found in the heart rate between baseline and anesthetic moment, being lower in the hypnosis group. No statistically significant differences were found with the FLACC scale or in the skin conductance (). Conclusion. Hypnosis combined with conventional behavior management techniques decreases heart rate during anesthetic infiltration showing that there may be an improvement in anxiety/pain control through hypnotic therapy.