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Pain Research and Management
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1926269, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1926269
Review Article

Burning Mouth Syndrome: Aetiopathogenesis and Principles of Management

1Department of Periodontology and Oral Medicine, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa
2Department of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa

Correspondence should be addressed to L. Feller

Received 15 August 2017; Revised 18 September 2017; Accepted 19 September 2017; Published 18 October 2017

Academic Editor: Anna Maria Aloisi

Copyright © 2017 L. Feller et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic debilitating oral condition characterised by a burning sensation of the oral mucosa in an otherwise apparently normal person. Its aetiology and pathogenesis are obscure, but both psychogenic factors and peripheral and central neuropathies appear to be implicated. There is no cure for BMS, and treatment with either local or systemic medications focuses on the relief of symptoms and on improving quality of life. In recalcitrant cases, psychological/psychiatric intervention may be helpful. In order to improve treatment outcomes, a better understanding of the pathogenesis of this syndrome might provide a basis for the development of more effective management strategies. In this short review, we discuss current knowledge of the diagnosis, aetiopathogenesis, and management of BMS.