Research Article

An Interactive Pain Application (MServ) Improves Postoperative Pain Management

Table 2

Study measures summary


Pain score (worst pain in preceding 24 hours, 0–4) at 24 and 48 hoursPrimary
Patient-reported time in severe pain and satisfaction with pain treatment (measured in IPOQ) at 48 hoursSecondary
International Pain Outcome Questionnaire (IPOQ) at 48 hoursSecondary
Analgesia administered (using modified analgesic ladder) at 48 hoursSecondary
Medication use on discharge and length of staySecondary
Device evaluation questionnaireSecondary

IPOQ: International Pain Outcome Questionnaire.