Pain Research and Management / 2021 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

An Interactive Pain Application (MServ) Improves Postoperative Pain Management

Table 4

Summary statistics are number (percentage), median [interquartile range], or mean ± standard deviation.

CategorySC (n = 102)Device (n = 132)DN (n = 66)DNPT (n = 66)SC vs. device value

SexFemale44 (43%)58 (44%)31 (47%)27 (41%)0.90
Male58 (57%)74 (56%)35 (53%)39 (59%)
Agen/a60.3 ± 15.761.2 ± 15.063.5 ± 15.358.9 ± 14.60.64
SpecialityThoracic77 (75%)124 (94%)63 (95%)61 (92%)<0.001
Urology25 (25%)8 (6%)3 (5%)5 (8%)
Preadmission opioid useAny20 (20%)20 (15%)9 (14%)11 (17%)0.37
Strong8 (8%)6 (5%)3 (5%)3 (5%)0.29
Surgery type: major or complexn/a99 (97%)126 (95%)61 (92%)65 (98%)0.53
Baseline pain score ≥ 2/4n/a88 (87%)122 (93%)58 (89%)64 (99%)0.12
% reported time in severe painn/a30 [10, 70]10 [0, 30]10 [0, 40]10 [10, 20]<0.001
Post-op step 4 analgesiaNo26 (25%)5 (4%)3 (5%)2 (3%)<0.001
Yes76 (75%)124 (96%)63 (95%)64 (97%)

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