Pain Research and Treatment / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Clinical Study

The Immediate Effects of Orthoses on Pain in People with Lateral Epicondylalgia

Table 2

The change in the pain score while wearing different orthoses (according to VAS).

ComparisonMean difference value (95% CI)Effect size

Placebo-elbow band1.72 (2.3)0.001*(1 to 2.4)0.74
Placebo-elbow sleeve1.4 (2.26)0.001* (0.75 to 2) 0.65
Placebo-wrist splint 0.48 (1.69)0.049* ( 0.01 to 0.96) 0.24
Elbow sleeve-elbow band0.32 (1.86)0.231 (−0.21 to 51)0.15
Wrist splint-elbow band1.24 (2.47)0.001* (0.53 to 1.94) 0.64
Wrist splint-elbow sleeve0.92 (2.4)0.009* (0.24 to 1.6) 0.51

CI means confidence intervals; effect size is calculated using “Cohen’s .” *Indicates a statistically significant difference between groups ( ).

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