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Pain Research and Treatment
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 312941, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/312941
Research Article

Pain and Anxiety versus Sense of Family Support in Lung Cancer Patients

1Psychiatric Department, “Sotiria” General Hospital of Chest Diseases, Mesogeion 152, 11527 Athens, Greece
2Department of Endocrinology, “Elena Venizelou” Hospital, 11521 Athens, Greece
3Department of Thoracic Medicine, Medical School, University of Crete, 71 003 Heraklion, Greece
4Department of Social Medicine, Laboratory of Epidemiology, Medical School, University of Crete, 71 003 Heraklion, Greece
5Oncology Unit, Third Department of Internal Medicine, Athens Medical School, “Sotiria” General Hospital of Chest Disease, Mesogeion 152, 11527 Athens, Greece

Received 26 February 2014; Revised 1 July 2014; Accepted 4 July 2014; Published 13 July 2014

Academic Editor: Bjorn Meyerson

Copyright © 2014 Dimitra Lekka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Lung cancer is a stressful condition for both patient and family. The anxiety and pain accompanying cancer and its treatment have a significant negative influence on the patient’s quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between anxiety, pain, and perceived family support in a sample of lung cancer patients. The sample consisted of a total of 101 lung cancer outpatients receiving treatment at the oncology department of a general hospital. Anxiety, pain (severity and impact on everyday life), and perceived family support were assessed using Spielberger’s State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Brief Pain Inventory, and the Family Support Scale, respectively. Statistical analyses revealed correlations between anxiety, pain, and family support as perceived by the patients. The intensity of pain had a positive correlation with both state and trait anxiety and a negative correlation with family support. Anxiety (state and trait) had a significant negative correlation with family support. In conclusion, high prevalence rates of anxiety disorders were observed in lung cancer patients. Females appeared more susceptible to anxiety symptoms with a less sense of family support. A negative correlation was evidenced between family support and anxiety and a positive one between anxiety and pain.