Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Pain Research and Treatment
Volume 2015, Article ID 478503, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/478503
Research Article

Using Picture and Text Schedules to Inform Children: Effects on Distress and Pain during Needle-Related Procedures in Nitrous Oxide Sedation

1Södra Älvsborg Hospital, 504 55 Borås, Sweden
2DART-Center for AAC and AT, The Queen Silvia Children’s Hospital, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, 411 04 Gothenburg, Sweden
3Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare, University of Borås, 501 90 Borås, Sweden
4Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden

Received 17 September 2015; Accepted 11 November 2015

Academic Editor: Anna Maria Aloisi

Copyright © 2015 Merja Vantaa Benjaminsson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. United Nations, “Convention on the rights of the child document,” in Proceedings of the 61st Plenary Meeting, Contract No.: A/RES/44/25, November 1989.
  2. G. Y. Lee, J. Yamada, O. Kyololo, A. Shorkey, and B. Stevens, “Pediatric clinical practice guidelines for acute procedural pain: a systematic review,” Pediatrics, vol. 133, no. 3, pp. 500–515, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. R. M. de Freitas, C. G. de Castro Jr., S. M. J. Castro, and I. Heineck, “Degree of knowledge of health care professionals about pain management and use of opioids in pediatrics,” Pain Medicine, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 807–819, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. United Nations, Final Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on a Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities, United Nations, 2006.
  5. B. Hemsley, S. Lee, K. Munro, N. Seedat, K. Bastock, and B. Davidson, “Supporting communication for children with cerebral palsy in hospital: views of community and hospital staff,” Developmental Neurorehabilitation, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 156–166, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. Thunberg, M. Buchholz, and S. Nilsson, “Strategies that assist children with communicative disability during hospital stay: parents' perceptions and ideas,” Journal of Child Health Care, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. J. M. Costello, “AAC intervention in the intensive care unit: the children's hospital Boston model,” Augmentative and Alternative Communication, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 137–153, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. J. Mesko, A. B. Eliades, C. Christ-Libertin, and D. Shelestak, “Use of picture communication aids to assess pain location in pediatric postoperative patients,” Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 395–404, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Lundeberg, “Klassificering av smärta och smärtfysiologi,” Information från Läkemedelsverket, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 27–28, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  10. E.-L. Maunuksela and R. Korpela, “Double-blind evaluation of a lignocaine-prilocaine cream (EMLA) in children. Effect on the pain associated with venous cannulation,” British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 1242–1245, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. Carbajal, V. Biran, R. Lenclen et al., “EMLA cream and nitrous oxide to alleviate pain induced by palivizumab (Synagis) intramuscular injections in infants and young children,” Pediatrics, vol. 121, no. 6, pp. e1591–e1598, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. V. Shah, A. Taddio, C. M. McMurtry et al., “Pharmacological and combined interventions to reduce vaccine injection pain in children and adults: systematic review and meta-analysis,” The Clinical Journal of Pain, vol. 31, supplement 10, pp. S38–S63, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. C. Darby and P. Cardwell, “Restraint in the care of children,” Emergency Nurse, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 14–17, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. C. Shane, S. Blackstone, G. Vanderheiden, M. Williams, and F. DeRuyter, “Using AAC technology to access the world,” Assistive Technology, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 3–13, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. G. Thunberg, M. Johansson, and J. Wikholm, “Meeting the communicative rights of people with autism—using pictorial supports during assessment, intervention and hospital care,” in Autism Spectrum Disorder—Recent Advances, M. Fitzgerald , Ed., chapter 15, InTech, Rijeka, Croatia, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. D. G. Altman, Practical Statistics for Medical Research, Chapman & Hall/CRC Press, London, UK, 1990.
  17. P. A. McGrath, C. E. Seifert, K. N. Speechley, J. C. Booth, L. Stitt, and M. C. Gibson, “A new analogue scale for assessing children's pain: an initial validation study,” Pain, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 435–443, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. A. Birnie, M. Noel, J. A. Parker et al., “Systematic review and meta-analysis of distraction and hypnosis for needle-related pain and distress in children and adolescents,” Journal of Pediatric Psychology, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 783–808, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. K. B. L. Lim, S. S. Tan, S. N. S. Abdullah, L.-L. Ong, M.-L. Wong, and J. C. Allen, “Percutaneous pin removal in the outpatient clinic—do children require analgesia? A randomized controlled trial,” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery—American Volume, vol. 96, no. 7, pp. 597–602, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Nilsson, K. Enskär, C. Hallqvist, and E. Kokinsky, “Active and passive distraction in children undergoing wound dressings,” Journal of Pediatric Nursing, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 158–166, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. G. Thunberg, C.-J. Törnhage, and S. Nilsson, “Evaluating the impact of AAC interventions in reducing hospitalization-related stress: challenges and possibilities,” Augmentative and Alternative Communication, In press.
  22. F. Gilchrist, C. J. Whitters, A. M. Cairns, M. Simpson, and M.-T. Hosey, “Exposure to nitrous oxide in a paediatric dental unit,” International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 116–122, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. Ayers, I. Muller, L. Mahoney, and P. Seddon, “Understanding needle-related distress in children with cystic fibrosis,” British Journal of Health Psychology, vol. 16, part 2, pp. 329–343, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. Antonovsky, “Janforum: locus of control theory,” Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1014–1015, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R. Esteve and V. Marquina-Aponte, “Children's pain perspectives,” Child: Care, Health and Development, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 441–452, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. L. S. Franck, A. Sheikh, and K. Oulton, “What helps when it hurts: children's views on pain relief,” Child: Care, Health and Development, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 430–438, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. E. H. Finke, J. Light, and L. Kitko, “A systematic review of the effectiveness of nurse communication with patients with complex communication needs with a focus on the use of augmentative and alternative communication,” Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 17, no. 16, pp. 2102–2115, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. P. A. Ioannidis, A.-B. Haidich, M. Pappa et al., “Comparison of evidence of treatment effects in randomized and nonrandomized studies,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 286, no. 7, pp. 821–830, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus