Pain Research and Treatment / 2016 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Load Handling and Repetitive Movements Are Associated with Chronic Low Back Pain among Jute Mill Workers in India

Table 3

Relationship between chronic low back pain and ergonomic characteristics encountered by the participants ().

Ergonomic factorsWith cLBP
(%)
Without cLBP
(%)
()

Lifting load
 Up to 20 kg255 (47.5%)282 (52.5%)
 >20 kg70 (38.9%)110 (61.1%) ()
OR 1.42 (1.0–2.0)

Carrying load
 Up to 20 kg356 (54.3%)300 (45.7%)
 >20 kg36 (59.0%)25 (41.0%) ()
OR 1.21 (0.71–2.07)

Pulling load
 Up to 20 kg317 (54.1%)269 (45.9%)
 >20 kg75 (57.3%)56 (42.7%) ()
OR 1.13 (0.77–1.67)

Standing long hours
 No37 (60.7%)24 (39.3%)
 Yes355 (54.1%)301 (45.9%) ()
OR 0.76 (0.45–1.31)

Sitting long hours
 No351 (54.3%)296 (45.7%)
 Yes41 (58.6%)29 (41.4%) ()
OR 1.19 (0.72–1.97)

Twisting of body
 No126 (52.5%)114 (47.5%)
 Yes266 (55.8%)211 (44.2%) ()
OR 1.14 (0.83–1.56)

Bending of body
 No39 (45.9%)46 (54.1%)
 Yes353 (55.9%)279 (44.1%) ()
OR 1.49 (0.95–2.35)

Prolonged same posture
 No253 (55.7%)201 (44.3%)
 Yes139 (52.9%)124 (47.1%) ()
OR 0.89 (0.66–1.21)

Repetitive movements
 No288 (57.4%)214 (42.6%)
 Yes104 (48.4%)111 (51.6%) ()
OR 0.67 (0.50–0.96)

Work station position
 Too high20 (60.6%)13 (39.4%)
 Too low156 (57.4%)116 (42.6%) ()
 Away from body19 (63.3%)11 (36.7%)
 Others197 (51.6%)185 (48.4%)

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