Table 2: Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals for long-term sickness absence during the 2-year follow-up in relation to fear avoidance beliefs (FAB) at baseline.

N%Model 1Model 2
HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)

AllVery low FAB182222.60.76 (0.62 - 0.93)1.02 (0.80 - 1.29)
Low FAB194024.10.86 (0.71 - 1.05)0.92 (0.73 - 1.16)
Moderate FAB249731.011
High FAB104212.91.31 (1.06 - 1.62)1.13 (0.88 - 1.46)
Very high FAB7619.41.80 (1.46 - 2.23)1.48 (1.15 - 1.90)

Sedentary workersVery low FAB104928.80.70 (0.51 - 0.96)0.86 (0.59 - 1.25)
Low FAB98727.10.85 (0.62 - 1.16)0.86 (0.60 - 1.23)
Moderate FAB107929.711
High FAB3389.31.41 (0.98 - 2.04)1.40 (0.91 - 2.15)
Very high FAB1845.11.68 (1.08 - 2.61)1.72 (1.04 - 2.83)

Physically active workersVery low FAB75317.80.90 (0.68 - 1.18)1.23 (0.89 - 1.70)
Low FAB92521.90.91 (0.70 - 1.18)1.00 (0.73 - 1.36)
Moderate FAB134431.911
High FAB66015.61.21 (0.93 - 1.58)1.08 (0.79 - 1.48)
Very high FAB53812.81.69 (1.31 - 2.18)1.48 (1.10 - 2.01)

Model 1: Adjusted for age and gender.
Model 2: model 1 + job group, psychosocial work environment (influence at work, emotional demands, support from colleagues, and support from leader), lifestyle (smoking, leisure physical activity, and BMI), musculoskeletal pain intensity (low back, neck/shoulder, and arm/hand), previous long-term sickness absence, mental health, and chronic disease (depression, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and back disease).