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Plastic Surgery International
Volume 2012, Article ID 834364, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/834364
Clinical Study

An Epidemiological Study on Pattern and Incidence of Mandibular Fractures

1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Career Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Lucknow, India
2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Babu Banarsi Das College of Dental Sciences, Lucknow, India
3Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Institute of Dental Sciences, Bareilly, India
4Faculty of Dental Sciences, K.G.’s Medical College, Lucknow, India
5Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, K.G.’s Medical College, Lucknow, India
6Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow, India
7Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chandra Dental College, Lucknow, India
8Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Vananchal Dental College and Hospital, Garhwa, India

Received 29 September 2012; Accepted 13 October 2012

Academic Editor: Francesco Carinci

Copyright © 2012 Subodh S. Natu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Mandible is the second most common facial fracture. There has been a significant increase in the number of cases in recent years with the advent of fast moving automobiles. Mandibular fractures constitute a substantial proportion of maxillofacial trauma cases in Lucknow. This study was undertaken to study mandibular fractures clinicoradiologically with an aim to calculate incidence and study pattern and the commonest site of fractures in population in and around Lucknow. Patient presenting with history of trauma at various centers of maxillofacial surgery in and around Lucknow were included in this study. Detailed case history was recorded followed by thorough clinical examination, and radiological interpretation was done for establishing the diagnosis and the data obtained was analyzed statistically. Out of 66 patients with mandibular fractures, highest percentage was found in 21–30 years of age with male predominance. Road traffic accidents were the most common cause of fracture with parasymphysis being commonest site. Commonest combination was parasymphysis with subcondyle. There was no gender bias in etiology with number of fracture sites. The incidence and causes of mandibular fracture reflect trauma patterns within the community and can provide a guide to the design of programs geared toward prevention and treatment.