Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Plastic Surgery International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 185023, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/185023
Clinical Study

Strategy of Surgical Management of Peripheral Neuropathy Form of Diabetic Foot Syndrome in Ghana

1Seventh Day Adventist Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana
2Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
3Russian Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

Received 13 April 2014; Revised 28 June 2014; Accepted 30 June 2014; Published 24 July 2014

Academic Editor: Nicolo Scuderi

Copyright © 2014 W. M. Rdeini et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Diabetes mellitus—medical dictionary—the free dictionary, http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Diabetes+Mellitus.
  2. “Diabetes Mellitus,” http://www.patient.co.uk/doctor/diabetes-mellitus.
  3. W. Clayton Jr. and T. A. Elasy, “A review of the pathophysiology, classification, and treatment of foot ulcers in diabetic patients,” Clinical Diabetes, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 52–58, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. E. H. Boyko, J. H. Ahroni, D. G. Smith et al., “Increased mortality associated with diabetic foot ulceration,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 13, pp. 967–972, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  5. R. G. Frykberg, “Diabetic foot ulcers: pathogenesis and management,” American Family Physician, vol. 66, no. 9, pp. 1655–1662, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. International Diabetic Federation (IDF), Diabetes Atlas, 5th edition, 2012.
  7. G. R. Tennvall and J. Apelqvist, “Health-economic consequences of diabetic foot lesions,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. S132–S139, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. B. Andrew, “The diabetic foot: a global view,” Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 2–5, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  9. H. I. Lippmann, “Must loss of limb be a consequence of diabetes mellitus?” Diabetes Care, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 432–436, 1979. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. G. Frykberg, “Diabetic foot ulcers: current concepts,” Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 440–446, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. J. Margolis, L. Allen-Taylor, O. Hoffstad, and J. A. Berlin, “Diabetic neuropathic foot ulcers and amputation,” Wound Repair and Regeneration, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 230–236, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L. C. Argenta, M. J. Morykwas, M. W. Marks, A. J. DeFranzo, J. A. Molnar, and L. R. David, “Vacuum-assisted closure: state of clinic art,” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 117, no. 7, pp. 127–142, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. J. M. Boulton, R. S. Kirsner, and L. Vileikyte, “Neuropathic diabetic foot ulcers,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 351, pp. 48–55, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  14. C. K. Bowering, “Diabetic foot ulcers: pathophysiology, assessment, and therapy,” Canadian Family Physician, vol. 47, pp. 1007–1016, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. F. W. Wagner Jr., “The dysvascular foot: a system for diagnosis and treatment,” Foot and Ankle, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 64–122, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. Muha, “Local wound care in diabetic foot complications. Aggressive risk management and ulcer treatment to avoid amputation,” Postgraduate Medicine, vol. 106, no. 1, pp. 97–102, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. P. Daronina, V. A. Mitish, and G. R. Galastyan, “Diabetes mellitus,” The Use of Hydro Surgical System Versa Jet in the Management ofDiabetic Foot Syndrome, vol. 3, no. 48, pp. 121–126, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  18. V. Jones, “Selecting a dressing for the diabetic foot: factors to consider,” Diabetic Foot, vol. 1, pp. 48–52, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  19. A. M. Svetuchen, U. A. Amerslanof, and V. A. Mitish, “Reconstructive & plastic operations in septic surgery,” in Selection of Course Lectures in Septic Surgery, pp. 64–76, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  20. B. M. Kostuchunok, Y. A. Kolkar, and V. A. Karalof, “Effect of vacuum in surgical treatment of septic wounds,” Sur News, vol. 137, pp. 18–21.
  21. J. Yorke, J. Akpaloo, and P. Agbenorku, “Management of diabetic foot ulcers using negative pressure with locally available materials,” Modern Plastic Surgery, vol. 3, pp. 84–88, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. PEDIS Classification, http://flexikon.doccheck.com/en/PEDIS_Classification.
  23. Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, http://www.kathhsp.org/aboutus1.php.
  24. Kwadaso Seventh-Day Adventist Hospital, http://www.adventistyearbook.org/default.aspx?page=ViewEntity&EntityID=20760.
  25. Sekyere East District, http://sekyereeast.ghanadistricts.gov.gh/?arrow=atd&_=25&sa=1082.
  26. R. G. Frykberg, D. G. Armstrong, J. Giurini et al., “Diabetic foot disorders: a clinical practice guideline. American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons,” The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, vol. 39, supplement 5, pp. S1–S60, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. G. Frykberg, “Diabetic foot ulcerations,” in The High Risk Foot in Diabetes Mellitus, R. G. Frykberg, Ed., pp. 151–95, Churchill Livingstone, New York, NY, USA, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  28. R. Kahn, “Consensus development conference on diabetic foot wound care: 7-8 April 1999, Boston, Massachusetts,” Diabetes Care, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1354–1360, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. D. G. Armstrong and L. A. Lavery, “Diabetic foot ulcers: prevention, diagnosis and classification,” American Family Physician, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 1325–1332, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. R. Lewis, P. Whiting, G. ter Riet, S. O'Meara, and J. Glanville, “A rapid and systematic review of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of debriding agents in treating surgical wounds healing by secondary intention,” Health Technology Assessment, vol. 5, no. 14, pp. 1–131, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. D. G. Armstrong, L. A. Lavery, B. P. Nixon, and A. J. M. Boulton, “It's not what you put on, but what you take off: techniques for debriding and off-loading the diabetic foot wound,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. S92–S99, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. D. L. Steed, “Debridement,” American Journal of Surgery, vol. 187, no. 5, pp. 71S–74S, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. V. Falanga, “The chronic wound:impaired healing and solutions in the context of wound bed preparation,” Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 88–94, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. B. C. Nwomeh, H. Liang, I. K. Cohen, and D. R. Yager, “MMP-8 is the predominant collagenase in healing wounds and nonhealing ulcers,” Journal of Surgical Research, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 189–195, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. E. B. Jude and A. A. Rogers, “Matrix metalloproteinase and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase expression in diabetic and venous ulcers,” Diabetologia, vol. 44, supplement 1, article A3, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  36. M. Eneroth, J. Apelqvist, and A. Stenström, “Clinical characteristics and outcome in 223 diabetic patients with deep foot infections,” Foot and Ankle International, vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 716–722, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. A. Yönem, B. Çakir, S. Güler, Ö. Azal, and A. Çorakçi, “Effects of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor in the treatment of diabetic foot infection,” Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 332–337, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. G. M. Caputo, P. R. Cavanagh, J. S. Ulbrecht, G. W. Gibbons, and A. W. Karchmer, “Current concepts: assessment and management of foot disease in patients with diabetes,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 331, no. 13, pp. 854–860, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. B. A. Lipsky, R. E. Pecoraro, and L. J. Wheat, “The diabetic foot. Soft tissue and bone infection,” Infectious disease clinics of North America, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 409–432, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. E. Caballero and R. G. Frykberg, “Diabetic foot infections,” Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 248–255, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. B. A. Lipsky, “Osteomyelitis of the foot in diabetic patients,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1318–1326, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. L. J. Orozco, A. M. Buchleitner, G. Gimenez-Perez, M. Roqué I Figuls, B. Richter, and D. Mauricio, “Exercise or exercise and diet for preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol. 16, no. 3, p. CD003054, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. E. J. Boyko, J. H. Ahroni, D. G. Smith, and D. Davignon, “Increased mortality associated with diabetic foot ulcer,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 13, pp. 967–972, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  44. S. D. Ramsey, K. Newton, D. Blough et al., “Incidence, outcomes, and cost of foot ulcers in patients with diabetes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 382–387, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. O. Nelzen, D. Bergqvist, and A. Lindhagen, “Long-term prognosis for patients with chronic leg ulcers: a prospective cohort study,” European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 500–508, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. S. O. O'Meara, N. Cullum, M. Majid, and T. Sheldon, “Systematic reviews of wound care management: (4) diabetic foot ulceration,” Health Technology Assessment, vol. 4, no. 21, pp. 1–237, 2000. View at Google Scholar